A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures.

Abstract

Patients scheduled for gastrointestinal procedures such as colonoscopy or esophagogastroduodenoscopy are often anxious and frightened. High levels of anxiety may result in more difficult and painful procedures. Past research has reported education, coping skills, relaxation techniques, and combinations of these including music, have decreased anxiety in… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Hayes2003AMI, title={A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures.}, author={Ann Hayes and Martha D Buffum and Elaine M Lanier and Elaine Rodahl and Colleen M Sasso}, journal={Gastroenterology nursing : the official journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates}, year={2003}, volume={26 4}, pages={145-9} }