A multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection and discrimination of the seven Eimeria species that infect domestic fowl.

Abstract

This study reports the development of a novel multiplex PCR assay based on SCAR (Sequence-Characterised Amplified Region) markers for the simultaneous diagnosis of the 7 Eimeria species that infect domestic fowl. Primer pairs specific for each species were designed in order to generate a ladder of amplification products ranging from 200 to 811 bp. Sensitivity tests for each species were carried out, showing a detection threshold of 1-5 pg, which corresponds approximately to 2-8 sporulated oocysts. Distinct isolates of the 7 Eimeria species from different geographical sources were tested and successfully detected by the assay. All the species were amplified homogeneously, whether or not one of them was present in a high quantity, indicating that there was no cross-interference. The assay was also tested with different sources of Taq DNA polymerase and thermocycler models, confirming the high reproducibility of the reaction. The economy of consumables and labour represented by a single-tube reaction greatly facilitates the molecular diagnosis of a large number of samples, making it appropriate for field epizootiological surveys. We propose the use of this multiplex PCR assay as a rapid and cost-effective diagnostic method for the detection and discrimination of the 7 Eimeria species that infect domestic fowl.

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@article{Fernandez2003AMP, title={A multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection and discrimination of the seven Eimeria species that infect domestic fowl.}, author={S Fernandez and A H Pagotto and M M Furtado and A M Katsuyama and A M B N Madeira and A Gruber}, journal={Parasitology}, year={2003}, volume={127 Pt 4}, pages={317-25} }