A molecular phylogeny of the genus Apis suggests that the Giant Honey Bee of the Philippines, A. breviligula Maa, and the Plains Honey Bee of southern India, A. indica Fabricius, are valid species

  title={A molecular phylogeny of the genus Apis suggests that the Giant Honey Bee of the Philippines, A. breviligula Maa, and the Plains Honey Bee of southern India, A. indica Fabricius, are valid species},
  author={Nathan Lo and Rosalyn S Gloag and Denis L. Anderson and Benjamin P. Oldroyd},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
Two new taxa have been added to the existing molecular phylogenies of the genus Apis. The new phylogeny supports the accepted phylogenetic relationships of {dwarf honey bees [giant honey bees (cavity‐nesting honey bees)]}. Based on Bayesian and maximum parsimony trees, our analysis supports recognition of Apis indica, the Plains Honey Bee of south India, as a separate species from A. cerana. Our analysis also supports recognition of the Giant Philippines Honey Bee, A. breviligula, as a separate… 

[Phylogenetic relationships of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apinae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences].

Results supported that Apis species were divided into three major clusters: dwarf bees, giant bees, and cavity-nesting bees, which revealed a high level of genetic divergence between A. dorsata from Hainan Island and China mainland.

Comparative description of mitochondrial genomes of the honey bee Apis (Hymenoptera: Apidae): four new genome sequences and Apis phylogeny using whole genomes and individual genes

Four complete mitochondrial genomes of members of the honey bee genus Apis were sequenced to scrutinize the within-genus genomic characteristics, gene arrangement, and phylogenetic relationships of Apis, and several number of two gene concatenation confirmed the current whole mt genome-based phylogeny with relatively strong support.

The geographical origin, refugia, and diversification of honey bees (Apis spp.) based on biogeography and niche modeling

The results suggest that theApis genus originated from tropical Asia during the Miocene, in which the Sundaland was the ancestral region of most clusters in the Apis genus and a glacial refuge of A. cerana and A. andreniformis.

Intron sequence diversity of the asian cavity-nesting honey bee, Apis cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Considering the variability and diversity of the Asian cavity-nesting honeybee, these intron sequences can be useful as non-mitochondrial DNA-based molecular markers for future studies of population genetics.

Diversity patterns of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from the Archipelago of the Azores: insights from mtDNA and wing geometric morphometrics

Wing morphometric patterns showed that, overall, populations from the Azorean populations exhibited a closer relationship with A. iberiensis; however some populations, especially those from Graciosa, tend to be clustered closer to A. ligustica and A. carnica.

Nucleotide diversity based on csd gene of the black giant honey bee, Apis laboriosa (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

The mechanism of sex determination is common for all honeybee species (Apis spp.) by the complementary sex determi-nation (csd) gene, and, as with the other three Apis species, region 3 of the csd gene contains an RS domain at the N terminal, a proline-richdomain at the C terminal, and a hypervariable region in the middle.

The Asian Species of Apis

This review presents a unified and coherent account of the Asian honeybees, based on the advances of the last three decades, using principal component analysis, discriminant analysis, cluster analyses and nearest neighbour procedures.

The complete mitochondrial genome of the cavity-nesting honeybee, Apis cerana (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae) from Borneo

The mitochondrial genome of A. cerana was a circular molecule of 15,884 bp and was similar to that of the other cavity-nesting honeybee species, and was predicted to contain 13 protein-coding, 22 tRNA, and two rRNA genes, along with one A + T-rich control region.

Bee Diversity in Thailand and the Applications of Bee Products

This chapter provides information on honey bees and their reasonably close relative group, the stingless bees within the Meliponini Tribe, and the applications of bee products, which are important for many rural people in Asia including Thailand.

Geographical distribution of the giant honey bee Apislaboriosa Smith, 1871 (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

A revised distribution for A.laboriosa is presented that better defines its range and extends it eastward to the mountains of northern Vietnam, southward along the Arakan Mountains to west-central Myanmar, into the Shillong Hills of Meghalaya, India, and northwestward in Uttarakhand, India.



Phylogenetic relationships of honey bees (Hymenoptera:Apinae:Apini) inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data.

Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees

The Genus Apis is a Polymorphic Species with an Unusual Range of Adaptation and the Races of the Near East (Irano-Ponto-Mediterranean Area).

Phylogenetic analysis of honey bee behavioral evolution.

Genetic and morphological variation of bee-parasitic Tropilaelaps mites (Acari: Laelapidae): new and re-defined species

Tropilaelaps clareae, previously assumed to be ubiquitous in Asia, was found to be two species and it was redefined as encompassing haplotypes (mites with distinct mtDNA gene sequences) that parasitise native A. laboriosa and A. mellifera throughout Asia and neighbouring regions.

Phylogenetic position of Apis nuluensis of northern Borneo and phylogeography of A. cerana as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences

The montane honeybee, Apis nuluensis, is adapted to the Mt. Kinabalu highlands of Borneo and it is shown that this honeybee may derive from an isolated population of honeybees that colonized Bornea during Plio-Pleistocene glaciations.

The biogeography of Apis cerana as revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequence data

The non-coding intergenic region of the Apis cerana mitochondrial genome provides a rapidly evolving source of characters for study in intra-specific biogeography and phylogenetic analysis of sequence variation indicated two well supported groups of haplotypes.

Evidence for reproductive isolation between two colour morphs of cavity nesting honey bees (Apis) in south India

Together, drone flight data and the complete separation of mitochondrial haplotypes suggest that the two morphs of cavity nesting honey bees in south India are reproductively isolated.


The little known giant honeybee Apis laboriosa is morphologically compared with A. dorsata in worker characters and is considered the distinct world largest honeybee species.

The Taxonomy of Recent and Fossil Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Apis)

This is the publisher's version, also available electronically from https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/29302#/summary.