A molecular phylogeny of fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera): origins and host associations

@article{Whiting2008AMP,
  title={A molecular phylogeny of fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera): origins and host associations},
  author={Michael Whiting and Alison S. Whiting and Michael W. Hastriter and Katharina Dittmar},
  journal={Cladistics},
  year={2008},
  volume={24}
}
Siphonaptera (fleas) is a highly specialized order of holometabolous insects comprising ∼2500 species placed in 16 families. [] Key Method We present the first formal analysis of flea relationships based on a molecular matrix of four loci (18S ribosomal DNA, 28S ribosomal DNA, Cytochrome Oxidase II, and Elongation Factor 1-alpha) for 128 flea taxa from around the world representing 16 families, 25 subfamilies, 26 tribes, and 83 flea genera with eight outgroups.
Fleas (Siphonaptera) are Cretaceous, and Evolved with Theria
TLDR
A molecular phylogenetic study based on a comprehensive taxon sampling of 259 flea taxa, suggesting that Theria (placental mammals and marsupials) represent the most likely ancestral host group of extant Siphonaptera, with marsupial occupying a more important role than previously assumed.
Fleas (Siphonaptera) are Cretaceous, and evolved with Theria.
Classification of the flea families (Siphonaptera): I. Family Hystrichopsyllidae (Part 5)
TLDR
Morphological characters indicate the phylogenetic integrity of the family Hystrichopsyllidae and the tribe Neotyphloceratini is related to these subfamilies, even though its members have no ridge on the mesopleuron.
Fleas are parasitic scorpionflies
TLDR
Competing hypotheses on the contentious evolutionary relationships of fleas and antliophoran insects are tested using the largest molecular dataset available to date consisting of over 1,400 protein-coding genes, and a smaller mitogenome and Sanger sequence alignment of 16 genes.
Molecular study of Stenoponia tripectinata tripectinata (Siphonaptera: Ctenophthalmidae: Stenoponiinae) from the Canary Islands: taxonomy and phylogeny
TLDR
The elevation of subfamily Stenoponiinae to family level (Stenoponiaidae) is suggested after a geographical signal was detected between the cox1 partial gene sequences of S. t.
A review of the fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera) from Argentina.
TLDR
Information provided herein contributes to the knowledge of the fleas from Argentina, necessary to a better understanding of their role as parasites themselves and vectors of zoonotic importance.
The Fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera), Parasites of Sigmodontine Rodents (Cricetidae) from Northern Patagonia, Argentina
TLDR
The results suggest the coexistence of an endemic flea fauna in Northern Patagonia with some species and genera of their sigmodontine hosts, and future studies will allow to determine the distributional limits of each flea taxon.
Genetic characterization of flea-derived Bartonella species from native animals in Australia suggests host-parasite co-evolution.
High mitochondrial sequence divergence in synanthropic flea species (Insecta: Siphonaptera) from Europe and the Mediterranean
TLDR
Differences between mitochondrial lineages within four flea species exceeded that observed between two Chaetopsylla spp.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES
Mecoptera is paraphyletic: multiple genes and phylogeny of Mecoptera and Siphonaptera
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequence data support a paraphyletic Mecoptera with two major lineages: Nannochoristidae + (Siphonaptera + Boreidae) and Meropidae + ((Choristollaidea + Apteropanorpidae) (Panorpidae + Bittacidae))).
A cladistic and biogeographic analysis of Chinese Neopsylla Wagner (Siphonaptera : Ctenophthalmidae)
TLDR
Neopsylla is a paraphyletic group and Rothschildiana and Tamiophila are junior synonyms and the reasons for the changes in host and distributions of the species-groups are discussed in relation to the zoogeographic history of China.
Multiple sources of character information and the phylogeny of Hawaiian drosophilids.
TLDR
The data suggest that significant incongruence among data partitions may be isolated to specific relationships and the "false" signal creating this incongrience is most likely to be overcome by a simultaneous analysis.
On the relationships, classification, aedeagal morphology and zoogeography of the genera of Pygiopsyllidae (Insecta : Siphonaptera)
TLDR
Methods of study of aedeagal characters and their interpretation in terms of relationships are described in detail, together with notes on previously published descriptions of pygiopsyllid aedeagi and on the specialized terminology used.
Habitat dependence of a parasite-host relationship: flea (Siphonaptera) assemblages in two gerbil species of the Negev Desert.
Flea assemblages of Meriones crassus Sundevall and Gerbillus dasyurus Wagner in different habitats in the Negev Highlands of Israel were studied to determine how flea abundance and species
Résumé of the Siphonaptera (Insecta) of the world.
  • R. Lewis
  • Biology
    Journal of medical entomology
  • 1998
The world fauna of the order Siphonaptera is reviewed with respect to undescribed taxa, endangered species, taxonomic specialists, developmental stages, ultrastructure, taxonomic characters, host
A pulicid flea in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic (Insecta, Siphonaptera, Pulicidae). American Museum novitates ; no.3205
TLDR
A new species of flea, Pulex larimerius, is described on the basis of a complete female specimen in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic, which is unique as the only known fossil in the Pulicidae.
Systematic review of genera and subgenera of Rhopalopsyllinae (Siphonaptera: Rhopalopsyllidae) by phenetic and cladistic methods.
A systematic review of genera and subgenera of Siphonaptera Rhopalopsyllinae comprising nine operating taxonomic units is presented based on phenetic and cladistic analysis. Twenty-seven characters
The Phylogeny of the Extant Hexapod Orders
TLDR
A well‐resolved and robust cladogram of ordinal relationships is produced with the topology of crustacea.
...
...