A mitotic kinase scaffold depleted in testicular seminomas impacts spindle orientation in germ line stem cells

Abstract

Correct orientation of the mitotic spindle in stem cells underlies organogenesis. Spindle abnormalities correlate with cancer progression in germ line-derived tumors. We discover a macromolecular complex between the scaffolding protein Gravin/AKAP12 and the mitotic kinases, Aurora A and Plk1, that is down regulated in human seminoma. Depletion of Gravin correlates with an increased mitotic index and disorganization of seminiferous tubules. Biochemical, super-resolution imaging, and enzymology approaches establish that this Gravin scaffold accumulates at the mother spindle pole during metaphase. Manipulating elements of the Gravin-Aurora A-Plk1 axis prompts mitotic delay and prevents appropriate assembly of astral microtubules to promote spindle misorientation. These pathological responses are conserved in seminiferous tubules from Gravin(-/-) mice where an overabundance of Oct3/4 positive germ line stem cells displays randomized orientation of mitotic spindles. Thus, we propose that Gravin-mediated recruitment of Aurora A and Plk1 to the mother (oldest) spindle pole contributes to the fidelity of symmetric cell division.

DOI: 10.7554/eLife.09384

Extracted Key Phrases

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Hehnly2015AMK, title={A mitotic kinase scaffold depleted in testicular seminomas impacts spindle orientation in germ line stem cells}, author={Heidi Hehnly and David A. Canton and Paula Bucko and Lorene K Langeberg and Leah Ogier and Irwin H. Gelman and L Fernando Santana and Linda Wordeman and John D Scott and Roger J Davis}, booktitle={eLife}, year={2015} }