A metaphor in search of a source domain: The categories of Slavic aspect

  title={A metaphor in search of a source domain: The categories of Slavic aspect},
  author={L. Janda},
Abstract I propose that human experience of matter provides the source domain for the metaphor that motivates the grammatical category of aspect in Russian. This model is a version of the universal TIME IS SPACE metaphor, according to which SITUATIONS ARE MATERIAL ENTITIES, and, more specifically, PERFECTIVE IS A DISCRETE SOLID OBJECT versus IMPERFECTIVE IS A FLUID SUBSTANCE. The contrast of discrete solid objects with fluid substances reveals a rich array of over a dozen properties; the… Expand
Semantic Motivations for Aspectual Clusters of Russian Verbs
Lexical meaning and aspect do not function independently in Russian. The meanings of verbs motivate their aspectual behavior because different types of events and their relationship to time areExpand
The Spatial Language of Time: Metaphor, metonymy, and frames of reference
The Spatial Language of Time presents a crosslinguistically valid state-of-the-art analysis of space-to-time metaphors, using data mostly from English and Wolof (Africa) but additionally fromExpand
Mapping between domains. The aspect–modality interaction in Russian
This paper takes a strictly corpus-based, quantitative approach within which corpus data on the relationship between aspect and modality are modeled using mixed effects logistic regression, and suggests that aspect choice is predicted best by a newly introduced variable—generic vs. specific ‘State of Affairs applicability'—and not by modality type, as was previously assumed. Expand
What is the role of semantic maps in cognitive linguistics ? ” , to appear in :
0. Introduction The purpose of this article is to explore the status and scope of semantic maps. I will address the issue of what role the semantic map model plays: does it have theoreticalExpand
Metonymy of Aspect/Aspects of Metonymy
Ever since Lakoff and Johnson (1980) published their seminal monograph Metaphors We Live By, metaphor has been a cornerstone in cognitive linguistics, while metonymy has received less attention.Expand
Metonymy via Perfectivization of Russian Verbs
Though a great deal of attention has been paid to metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics, yielding a clear and largely uncontested theoretical framework for its analysis in terms of mappings betweenExpand
Tense, Aspect and Aktionsart in Classical Latin: Towards a New Approach
This paper introduces the framework for a new project on the categories of tense, aspect and Aktionsart in Latin. In the first section, the relevant concepts are defined in terms of generalExpand
Elaborating time in space: the structure and function of space–motion metaphors of time
It is found that the temporal ‘directions’ expressed in the contrasting frames of reference are not opposites, and are motivated by different kinds of temporal experience. Expand
The hurting and healing power of words (and grammatical constructions). A cognitive grammar study of the interactive and interpersonal effects of a directive construction in Polish
Abstract The paper considers the issue of how speakers use different grammatical resources to achieve different interactive and interpersonal effects in specific contexts. More specifically, theExpand
Aspectual opposition and rivalry in Russian are not discrete: new evidence from experimental data
We apply experimental data to identify contexts in which Russian aspect is categorically determined (‘categorical contexts’) and contexts in which both aspects can appear (‘overlapping contexts’).Expand


The Role of Metaphor in Defining Russian Aspect
For the better part of the XXth century linguists have been struggling with the intricacies of Russian aspect, continually trying to find the one perfect definition of the category which wouldExpand
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World
This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states. Expand
Events, processes, and states
The familiar Vendler-Kenny scheme of verb-types, viz., performances (further differentiated by Vedler into accomplishments and achievements), activities, and states, is too narrow in two importantExpand
Verbs and Times
  • Z. Vendler
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • The Language of Time - A Reader
  • 2005
The time schemata presupposed by various verbs will appear as important constituents of the concepts that prompt us to use those terms the way the authors consistently do and may be used as models of comparison in exploring and clarifying the behavior of any verb whatever. Expand
Grammatical Morphemes and Conceptual Structure in Discourse Processing
The paper reviews and extends analytical and empirical evidence for this grammatical-conceptual correspondence, and suggests that the correspondence developed in response to the cognitive demands of discourse processing. Expand
Type shifting in construction grammar: An integrated approach to aspectual coercion*
Implicit type shifting, or coercion, appears to indicate a modular grammatical architecture, in which the process of semantic composition may add meanings absent from the syntax in order to ensureExpand
Some aspects of ‘aspect’ in Mandarin Chinese
Previous analyses of the Chinese verb have defined the suffix -Icj as a marker of 'past completed action' or 'perfective aspect'. Evidence is presented to show that -le! actually indicates 'taxis' orExpand
Time and the Verb: A Guide to Tense and Aspect
This is the first thoroughly comprehensive study of tense and aspect, linguistic markers signifying relations in time. Tense and aspect have been peculiarly resistant to linguistic classification andExpand
Slavic gender linguistics
1. Background and Introdution (by Mills, Margaret H.) 2. Referential knowledge in discrourse: Interpretation of (I, You) in male and female speech (by Zaitseva, Valentina) 3. Gender, iconicity, andExpand
The Parameter of Aspect
This chapter discusses the development of the Aspectual System of English and its role in Discourse Representation Theory, as well as some of the aspects of its application in linguistics. Expand