A meta-analysis on the relationship between interoceptive awareness and alexithymia: Distinguishing interoceptive accuracy and sensibility.

  title={A meta-analysis on the relationship between interoceptive awareness and alexithymia: Distinguishing interoceptive accuracy and sensibility.},
  author={Dominic A Trevisan and Melody R. Altschuler and Armen Bagdasarov and Carter Carlos and Suqian Duan and Ester Hamo and Shashwat Kala and Morgan L McNair and Termara C Parker and Dylan S. Stahl and Tatiana Winkelman and Melissa Zhou and James C. McPartland},
  journal={Journal of abnormal psychology},
Alexithymia-a trait associated with difficulties understanding one's own emotions-is theorized to stem from deficits in interoceptive awareness, or the ability to detect, accurately monitor, and regulate internal bodily processes. The present meta-analysis analyzed all studies that empirically examined the relationship between alexithymia and interoceptive awareness. Across 66 independent samples (N = 7,146), alexithymia had a small, negative correlation with interoceptive awareness (r = -.162… Expand
Disentangling interoceptive abilities in alexithymia.
A coherent understanding of interoceptive abilities in alexithymia is supported, whereby the dissociation of interOceptive accuracy and awareness may explain the underlying psycho-physiological mechanisms of alexithsymia. Expand
Adaptive and Maladaptive Bodily Awareness: Distinguishing Interoceptive Sensibility and Interoceptive Attention from Anxiety‐Induced Somatization in Autism and Alexithymia
Alternative interpretations of findings from existing studies are presented to demonstrate that ASD and alexithymia are conditions associated with reduced adaptive forms of interoceptive attention but heightened maladaptive forms of INTEROceptive attention related to anxiety‐induced somatization. Expand
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Findings lend support to the view that alexithymia is associated with atypicalities in both bottom–up and top–down processes that impact emotion processing and regulation and raise the possibility that individuals with different alexithsymia subtypes may differ with regard to a range of factors. Expand
Individual differences in sensory and expectation driven interoceptive processes: a novel paradigm with implications for alexithymia, disordered eating and obesity
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Interoception in Anorexia Nervosa: Exploring Associations With Alexithymia and Autistic Traits
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Psychometric validation and refinement of the Interoception Sensory Questionnaire (ISQ) in adolescents and adults on the autism spectrum
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First-Hand Accounts of Interoceptive Difficulties in Autistic Adults.
Texts of adults who self-identify as autistic describing their interoceptive challenges call for increased research attention on this topic, and a need for valid and objective measures for assessing interoception in ASD. Expand
Exploring the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness in youth aged 7-17 years.
The adapted MAIA can be used with a younger population and, depending on the research question, individual MAIA scales may be selected. Expand
Alexithymia is related to poor social competence in autistic and nonautistic children
It is indicated that higher alexithymia traits predict lower levels of social competence, suggesting that increased difficulty in identifying and describing one's own emotions and the emotions of others is associated with poorer social competence. Expand
Examining Proposed Changes to the Conceptualization of the Alexithymia Construct: The Way Forward Tilts to the Past
It seems timely to evaluate Sifneos’s prediction and recommendation of alexithymia, particularly because several alexityymia researchers have proposed various changes to the manner in which the construct was originally conceptualized and defined. Expand


Is alexithymia characterised by impaired interoception? Further evidence, the importance of control variables, and the problems with the Heartbeat Counting Task
Novel data is presented examining the relationship between alexithymia and HCT performance, controlling for a number of potential confounds, and inclusion of these control measures reveals the predicted negative relationship between the two. Expand
The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA)
The systematic mixed-methods process involved reviewing the current literature, specifying a multidimensional conceptual framework, evaluating prior instruments, developing items, and analyzing focus group responses to scale items by instructors and patients of body awareness-enhancing therapies. Expand
Interoception and Mental Health: A Roadmap
An overview of the emerging consensus generated by the first Interoception Summit is presented, with the goal of accelerating progress in understanding the role of interoception in mental health. Expand
The psychophysiological mechanisms of alexithymia in autism spectrum disorder
It is suggested that alexithymia involves a disruption in how physiological arousal modulates the subjective experience of feelings in those with and without a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Expand
Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement
David Moher and colleagues introduce PRISMA, an update of the QUOROM guidelines for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and describe the challenges and opportunities in this rapidly changing environment. Expand
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