A meta-analysis on the association between bladder cancer and occupation

@article{Reulen2008AMO,
  title={A meta-analysis on the association between bladder cancer and occupation},
  author={Raoul C. Reulen and Eliane Kellen and Frank Buntinx and Maree T. Brinkman and Maurice P. A. Zeegers},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology},
  year={2008},
  volume={42},
  pages={64 - 78}
}
To date, many epidemiological studies have been conducted to examine the association between occupation and bladder cancer incidence. However, results from these studies often have been inconsistent, and significant associations have rarely been found, possibly owing to the lack of adequate statistical power in these studies. This meta-analysis summarizes the relevant literature regarding occupation and bladder cancer incidence to increase the statistical power to detect associations. The… 
Association of obesity and other anthropometric characteristics with bladder cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies.
TLDR
Bladder cancer risk seems to be related with obesity overall and central obesity in men and height does not seem to affect risk, but more studies are needed to extract safe conclusions.
Contemporary Occupational Carcinogen Exposure and Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
TLDR
The profile of contemporary occupations with increased BC risk is broad and differs for incidence and mortality, and currently the incidence seems to be increasing, and this increase is occurring faster in women than men.
Occupation and Risk of Bladder Cancer in Nordic Countries
TLDR
The study suggests that occupation is evidently associated with bladder cancer risk, and the SIR of bladder cancer was overall similar across the Nordic countries.
Occupation and Risk of Kidney Cancer in Nordic Countries
TLDR
A relatively small variation in the incidence of malignancies of the kidney between occupational groups was found in the Nordic population and there is abundant room for further progress in determining the effect of smoking in particular occupational groups.
Occupation, smoking, opium, and bladder cancer: A case–control study
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate occupational risk factors associated with bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: In this case–control study, control group included patients who
Risk of urinary bladder cancer: a case-control analysis of industry and occupation
TLDR
Evidence is provided of increased risk of UBC for occupations that were previously reported as at-risk, particularly when duration of employment is 10 years or more, for workers in several occupation and industry groups.
Cause–effect? Understanding the risk factors associated with bladder cancer
TLDR
Causal relationships can be both established and validated via phenotype-specific molecular biomarkers employed in prospective epidemiological studies and can also serve to highlight how individual genetic polymorphisms lead to a difference in susceptibility to various carcinogens, giving further credence to the impact of genetic-environment interactions.
Occupations and the Risk of Bladder Cancer in Yazd Province: A Case-Control Study
TLDR
The risk of bladder cancer was higher among those working in high-risk occupations—metal working, textile, driving, Farming, farming, and construction and in terms of type of occupation.
Occupational variation in incidence of bladder cancer: a comparison of population-representative cohorts from Nordic countries and Canada
TLDR
Elevated risks of bladder cancer were observed among hairdressers, printers, sales workers, plumbers, painters, miners and laundry workers, and the only occupation with similarly increased risk was observed among sales workers.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 179 REFERENCES
Occupation and Bladder Cancer: A Population-Based, Case–Control Study in Iowa
TLDR
It is suggested that occupational exposures may play a significant role in the risk of bladder cancer.
Risk of bladder cancer in foundry workers: a meta-analysis
TLDR
There was limited evidence that bladder cancer risk correlated with lung cancer risk, which is a more established risk among foundry workers, and further studies of dose-response trends would greatly aid in determining whether this observed association is causal.
A Meta-Analysis of Bladder Cancer and Diesel Exhaust Exposure
TLDR
It is suggested that exposure to diesel exhaust may increase the occurrence of bladder cancer, but the effects of misclassification, publication bias, and confounding cannot be fully taken into account.
Occupation and bladder cancer in a hospital-based case–control study in Spain
TLDR
Examination of more detailed job exposure information should help clarify the associations between occupation and bladder cancer risk among women and many of the occupations identified as being a priori at high risk.
Occupation and bladder cancer in Utah.
TLDR
Increased risks were detected among men for employment in the leather and textile industries which increased with duration of employment and an occupation-exposure linkage system was used to identify workers exposed to aromatic amino compounds who did not have increased risk of bladder cancer.
Occupation and cancers of the lung and bladder: a case-control study in Bombay.
TLDR
Two sets of risk estimates were obtained: one by comparison with a second unexposed group made up of occupations where there was little likelihood of exposure to any cancer-causing occupational agent, and the other by fitting logistic regression models to the data.
Occupational risks of bladder cancer in the United States: I. White men.
TLDR
A significant, positive trend in risk with increasing duration of employment in each of these occupations is observed, with relative risks peaking at approximately two for long-term workers, and 21%-25% of bladder cancer diagnosed among white men in the United States is attributable to occupational exposures.
Occupation and bladder cancer in Pordenone (north-east Italy): a case-control study.
TLDR
The results confirm a well-known risk among subjects employed in various sectors of the chemical industry, and indicate that bladder cancer is associated with urbanization indicators.
Employment as butcher and cancer risk in a record-linkage study from Sweden
TLDR
The increased risk of oral, laryngeal, lung and stomach cancers among Swedish butchers may be at least partly due to confounding by tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, and other lifestyle factors.
Occupational risks of bladder cancer among white women in the United States.
TLDR
The authors estimate that 11% of bladder cancer diagnosed among white women in the United States is attributable to occupational exposures; this percentage is considerably lower than the 21-25% previously reported for white men in this study.
...
...