A meta-analysis of the efficacy of over-the-counter nicotine replacement.

@article{Hughes2003AMO,
  title={A meta-analysis of the efficacy of over-the-counter nicotine replacement.},
  author={J. R. Hughes and Saul Shiffman and Peter Callas and Jane Hongyuan Zhang},
  journal={Tobacco control},
  year={2003},
  volume={12 1},
  pages={21-7}
}
OBJECTIVE To determine whether over-the-counter (OTC) nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is pharmacologically efficacious, whether it produces abstinence rates similar to those in prescription settings, and to estimate the long term (that is, greater than six month) abstinence rate with OTC NRT. METHOD Systematic literature review. DATA SOURCES Medline, Psych Abstracts, bibliographies, requests of scientists. STUDY SELECTION Studies comparing OTC NRT versus OTC placebo or studies… CONTINUE READING
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Population trends in smoking cessation and correlations to pharmacotherapy utilization : results from the current population survey

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The effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapy over-the-counter: reply to Hughes. Drug and Alcohol Review 2001;20:319–24

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