A meta-analysis of cortical inhibition and excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation in psychiatric disorders.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) measures of inhibition and excitation in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia (SCZ). METHODS Paradigms included: short-interval cortical inhibition (SICI), cortical silent period (CSP), resting motor threshold, intracortical facilitation, and motor evoked potential amplitude. A literature search was performed using PubMed, Ovid Medline, Embase Psychiatry and PsycINFO 1990 through April 2012. RESULTS A significant Hedge's g was found for decreased SICI (g=0.572, 95% confidence interval [0.179, 0.966], p=0.004), enhanced intracortical facilitation (g=0.446, 95% confidence interval [0.042, 0.849], p=0.030) and decreased CSP (g=-0.466, 95% confidence interval [-0.881, -0.052], p=0.027) within the OCD population. For MDD, significant effect sizes were demonstrated for decreased SICI (g=0.641, 95% confidence interval [0.384, 0.898], p=0.000) and shortened CSP (g=-1.232, 95% confidence interval [-1.530, -0.933], p=0.000). In SCZ, a significant Hedge's g was shown for decreased SICI (g=0.476, 95% confidence interval [0.331, 0.620], p=0.000). CONCLUSION Inhibitory deficits are a ubiquitous finding across OCD, MDD, SCZ and enhancement of intracortical facilitation is specific to OCD. SIGNIFICANCE Provides a clear platform from which diagnostic procedures can be developed.

DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2013.01.014

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@article{Radhu2013AMO, title={A meta-analysis of cortical inhibition and excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation in psychiatric disorders.}, author={Natasha Radhu and Danilo Rocha de Jesus and Lakshmi N. Ravindran and Anosha Zanjani and Paul B. Fitzgerald and Zafiris J. Daskalakis}, journal={Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology}, year={2013}, volume={124 7}, pages={1309-20} }