A meta‐analysis of the worldwide prevalence of pica during pregnancy and the postpartum period

@article{Fawcett2016AMO,
  title={A meta‐analysis of the worldwide prevalence of pica during pregnancy and the postpartum period},
  author={Emily J. Fawcett and Jonathan M. Fawcett and Dwight Mazmanian},
  journal={International Journal of Gynecology \& Obstetrics},
  year={2016},
  volume={133}
}

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The histological analysis of the hypopharynx showed severe nonspecific inflammation and necrosis of epithelium, and the cause of death was a complication of subacute laryngeal obstruction caused by a foreign body.

What risks do herbal products pose to the Australian community?

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Pica and food craving in adult patients with iron deficiency in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Pica has been defined as the craving or compulsive ingestion of non-food substances, but an enhanced craving for or intake of foodstuffs is sometimes included in this definition.

Pica in pregnant women in Zaria, Nigeria.

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TLDR
Pica is common in pregnant women in Zaria, and their care should, therefore, include adequate dietary history and counselling, and there is a need to raise public awareness of the adverse effects of this practice.

Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement

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David Moher and colleagues introduce PRISMA, an update of the QUOROM guidelines for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and describe the challenges and opportunities in this rapidly changing environment.

Pica in pregnancy in a privileged population: myth or reality

TLDR
It seems that, in privileged populations, pica is more a myth than a reality.

Pica in Pregnancy: Does It Affect Pregnancy Outcomes?

TLDR
This study found that pica exists, and might be more common than healthcare providers assume, and that women practicing pica were more likely to have been underweight prior to pregnancy, and smoked fewer cigarettes.

Pica in pregnancy: new ideas about an old condition.

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    Annual review of nutrition
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TLDR
Current available data, although limited, best support the protection hypothesis as a cause of most types of pica, although some evidence suggests that pagophagy (ice consumption) may occur during iron deficiency.

Pica associated with iron deficiency or depletion: clinical and laboratory correlates in 262 non-pregnant adult outpatients

TLDR
In non-pregnant adult patients with iron deficiency or depletion, lower age is a significant predictor of pica and patients with pica have lower MCV, higher RDW, and higher platelet counts than patients without pica.

CRAVING FOR ICE AND IRON-DEFICIENCY ANEMIA: A Case Series from Oman

TLDR
The authors report 3 cases of severe iron deficiency anemia with a serum ferritin level of 2–3 ng/mL, in which the patients were consuming 2 trays and many bags of ice per day, and following treatment with iron therapy, pagophagia spontaneously resolved within 2 weeks.

A meta‐analysis of pica and micronutrient status

  • D. MiaoS. YoungC. Golden
  • Medicine
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2015
TLDR
Evaluating the association between pica behavior and the risk of being anemic or having low hemoglobin, hematocrit, or plasma zinc concentrations aims to evaluate the strength of this relationship.