A meta‐analysis of the worldwide prevalence of pica during pregnancy and the postpartum period

@article{Fawcett2016AMO,
  title={A meta‐analysis of the worldwide prevalence of pica during pregnancy and the postpartum period},
  author={Emily J. Fawcett and Jonathan M. Fawcett and Dwight Mazmanian},
  journal={International Journal of Gynecology \& Obstetrics},
  year={2016},
  volume={133}
}
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TLDR
This study found that pica exists, and might be more common than healthcare providers assume, and that women practicing pica were more likely to have been underweight prior to pregnancy, and smoked fewer cigarettes.
Pica in pregnancy: new ideas about an old condition.
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TLDR
Current available data, although limited, best support the protection hypothesis as a cause of most types of pica, although some evidence suggests that pagophagy (ice consumption) may occur during iron deficiency.
Pica: a frequent symptom in iron deficiency anemia
TLDR
Pica is a frequent finding in IDA, and patients with and without pica have similar characteristics, apart from a borderline difference in mean platelet volume.
CRAVING FOR ICE AND IRON-DEFICIENCY ANEMIA: A Case Series from Oman
TLDR
The authors report 3 cases of severe iron deficiency anemia with a serum ferritin level of 2–3 ng/mL, in which the patients were consuming 2 trays and many bags of ice per day, and following treatment with iron therapy, pagophagia spontaneously resolved within 2 weeks.
A meta‐analysis of pica and micronutrient status
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TLDR
Evaluating the association between pica behavior and the risk of being anemic or having low hemoglobin, hematocrit, or plasma zinc concentrations aims to evaluate the strength of this relationship.
Nutritional studies of children with pica. I Controlled study evaluating nutritional status.
Thirty Negro children with pica were compared nutritionally with 28 control children from the same socioeconomic background. The following findings were statistically significant: lower hemoglobin
Risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder in pregnant and postpartum women: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Pregnant and postpartum women are more likely to experience OCD compared to the general population, with an aggregate risk ratio of 1.79.
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The severity of anaemia was significantly associated with lower socioeconomic status and odd eating habits and low haemoglobin was commonly seen in the population among pregnant women irrespective of their socioeconomic status.
Pica: Common but Commonly Missed
TLDR
Pica is observed most commonly in areas of low socioeconomic status and is more common in women (especially pregnant women) and in children, and some recent evidence supports including pica with the obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders.
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