A meta‐analysis of the worldwide prevalence of pica during pregnancy and the postpartum period

  title={A meta‐analysis of the worldwide prevalence of pica during pregnancy and the postpartum period},
  author={Emily J. Fawcett and Jonathan M. Fawcett and Dwight Mazmanian},
  journal={International Journal of Gynecology \& Obstetrics},

Assessment and management of issues in early pregnancy

The implications of early pregnancy with a focus on ectopic pregnancy, rhesus incompatibility, miscarriage and hyperemesis gravidarum are discussed.

Demographic, clinical, and biochemical predictors of pica in a large cohort of blood donors

Pica is characterized as repeatedly eating or chewing a non‐nutritious substance including, but not limited to ice, clay and dirt, starch, raw pasta, chalk, coal, paint, or paper. Pica symptoms can

Consequences of prenatal geophagy for maternal prenatal health, risk of childhood geophagy and child psychomotor development

To investigate the relationship between prenatal geophagy, maternal prenatal haematological indices, malaria, helminth infections and cognitive and motor development among offspring, a large number of subjects were surveyed.

Geophagy among a Cohort of Kenyan Women with Mixed HIV Status: A Longitudinal Analysis.

A cohort of 371 women with mixed HIV status from Nyanza region, Kenya, were recruited in late pregnancy and interviewed about pica at nine time points, through 21 months postpartum, lending greatest plausibility to the protection hypothesis.

Kaolin consumption in pregnant women: what impact on the weight of newborns?

There was a correlation between precariousness and low birth weight which reinforces the importance of tightening the follow-up during pregnancies in the most precarious women and is not to be neglected in socially advantaged countries due to increased immigration.

A Fatal Outcome of Pica Syndrome: An Unusual Case of Delayed Mortality.

The histological analysis of the hypopharynx showed severe nonspecific inflammation and necrosis of epithelium, and the cause of death was a complication of subacute laryngeal obstruction caused by a foreign body.

What risks do herbal products pose to the Australian community?

  • A. Morton
  • Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 2017
Refugee and migrant women represent a group with potentially high rates of use of herbal products as well as other traditional practices, particularly during pregnancy, and may be complicated by hypokalaemic paralysis, iron and zinc deficiency, lead poisoning, intestinal obstruction and parasitic infestation.

Talcum Powder Toxicosis in Pregnancy

A nulliparous woman presented to a facility complaining of numerous, vague symptoms that are common in pregnancy, and was diagnosed with talcum powder toxicosis secondary to talc ingestion as a coping mechanism for her anxiety, which was heightened in pregnancy.

Pica: A common condition that is commonly missed - An update review.

Pica is often an overlooked phenomenon and its association with iron deficiency and lead poisoning has been known for centuries and primary care physicians should be aware of pica and proactively seek information about pica in patients that belong to the high-risk groups.



Pica practices of pregnant women.

Pica and food craving in adult patients with iron deficiency in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Pica has been defined as the craving or compulsive ingestion of non-food substances, but an enhanced craving for or intake of foodstuffs is sometimes included in this definition.

Pica in pregnant women in Zaria, Nigeria.

  • S. SuleH. Madugu
  • Medicine
    Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
  • 2001
Pica is common in pregnant women in Zaria, and their care should, therefore, include adequate dietary history and counselling, and there is a need to raise public awareness of the adverse effects of this practice.

Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement

David Moher and colleagues introduce PRISMA, an update of the QUOROM guidelines for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and describe the challenges and opportunities in this rapidly changing environment.

Pica in pregnancy in a privileged population: myth or reality

It seems that, in privileged populations, pica is more a myth than a reality.

Pica in Pregnancy: Does It Affect Pregnancy Outcomes?

This study found that pica exists, and might be more common than healthcare providers assume, and that women practicing pica were more likely to have been underweight prior to pregnancy, and smoked fewer cigarettes.

Pica in pregnancy: new ideas about an old condition.

  • S. Young
  • Medicine
    Annual review of nutrition
  • 2010
Current available data, although limited, best support the protection hypothesis as a cause of most types of pica, although some evidence suggests that pagophagy (ice consumption) may occur during iron deficiency.

Pica associated with iron deficiency or depletion: clinical and laboratory correlates in 262 non-pregnant adult outpatients

In non-pregnant adult patients with iron deficiency or depletion, lower age is a significant predictor of pica and patients with pica have lower MCV, higher RDW, and higher platelet counts than patients without pica.


The authors report 3 cases of severe iron deficiency anemia with a serum ferritin level of 2–3 ng/mL, in which the patients were consuming 2 trays and many bags of ice per day, and following treatment with iron therapy, pagophagia spontaneously resolved within 2 weeks.

A meta‐analysis of pica and micronutrient status

  • D. MiaoS. YoungC. Golden
  • Medicine
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2015
Evaluating the association between pica behavior and the risk of being anemic or having low hemoglobin, hematocrit, or plasma zinc concentrations aims to evaluate the strength of this relationship.