A meta‐analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions

  title={A meta‐analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions},
  author={Jonathan M. Levine and Peter B. Adler and Stephanie G. Yelenik},
  journal={Ecology Letters},
Biotic resistance describes the ability of resident species in a community to reduce the success of exotic invasions. Although resistance is a well-accepted phenomenon, less clear are the processes that contribute most to it, and whether those processes are strong enough to completely repel invaders. Current perceptions of strong, competition-driven biotic resistance stem from classic ecological theory, Elton’s formulation of ecological resistance, and the general acceptance of the enemies… 

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  • T. Case
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1990
A logical framework for an island-biogeographic theory in which species turnover is low even in the face of persistent invasions and for the protection of fragile native species from invading exotics is provided.