A meta‐analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions

@article{Levine2004AMO,
  title={A meta‐analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions},
  author={Jonathan M. Levine and Peter B. Adler and Stephanie G. Yelenik},
  journal={Ecology Letters},
  year={2004},
  volume={7},
  pages={975-989}
}
Biotic resistance describes the ability of resident species in a community to reduce the success of exotic invasions. Although resistance is a well-accepted phenomenon, less clear are the processes that contribute most to it, and whether those processes are strong enough to completely repel invaders. Current perceptions of strong, competition-driven biotic resistance stem from classic ecological theory, Elton’s formulation of ecological resistance, and the general acceptance of the enemies… 

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