A mathematical model of Athenian democracy

@article{Tangian2008AMM,
  title={A mathematical model of Athenian democracy},
  author={Andranik Tangian},
  journal={Social Choice and Welfare},
  year={2008},
  volume={31},
  pages={537-572}
}
  • A. Tangian
  • Published 2008
  • Economics, Computer Science
  • Social Choice and Welfare
It is shown that the representative capacity of democratic institutions selected by lot (=lottery), as it has been practiced in Athens in 594–322BC, is quite high. For this purpose, People’s Assembly, Council of 500, Committee of 50 with its President, juries, and magistrates are evaluated with indicators of popularity, universality, and goodness. The popularity is a spatial characteristic of representativeness, the average percentage of the population whose opinion is represented on a number… Expand
German parliamentary elections 2009 from the viewpoint of direct democracy
  • A. Tangian
  • Political Science, Computer Science
  • Soc. Choice Welf.
  • 2013
TLDR
It is concluded that voters are not very consistent with their own political profiles, disregard party manifestos, and are likely driven by political traditions, even if outdated, or by personal images of politicians. Expand
Democracy, Institutional Changes and Economic Development: The Case of Ancient Athens
The discussion of strengths and weaknesses of democracy is almost as old as democracy itself and it still continues. In the present paper we present a new theoretical perspective on democracy as aExpand
Constitutional choice in ancient Athens: the rationality of selection to office by lot
Contrary to modern democracies ancient Athens appointed large numbers of government officers by lot. After describing the Athenian arrangements, the paper reviews the literature on the choice betweenExpand
Statistical test for the mathematical theory of democracy
In economics and other social sciences, complex processes are often represented by numerical models of reality which more or less well reflect behavioral relationships and interactions. Such attemptsExpand
Decision making in politics and economics: 4. Bundestag elections 2009 and direct democracy
Five German leading parties and their coalitions are evaluated from the viewpoint of direct democracy. For this purpose, the positions of the parties on over 30 topical issues are compared with theExpand
Testing the Representative Capacity of Parties and Coalitions (with applications to German Bundestag)
Five leading German parties and their coalitions are evaluated from the viewpoint of direct democracy. For this purpose, the positions of the parties on over 30 topical issu es, as given for the lastExpand
Representativeness of German parties and trade unions with regard to public opinion
Five German leading parties and their coalitions are evaluated from the viewpoint of direct democracy. For this purpose, the positions of the parties on over 30 topical issues are compared with theExpand
Morality, institutions and the wealth of nations: Some lessons from ancient Greece
The character and the morality of citizens are important for prosperity because they go hand in hand with the great institutions of private property, democracy, and free markets. We establish thisExpand
The egalitarian battlefield: Reflections on the origins of majority rule in archaic Greece
We explore the emergence of formal institutions of majority rule in archaic Greece from a historical and conflict-theoretic perspective. Referring to ancient and modern sources we first conclude thatExpand
Evaluation of German parties and coalitions by methods of the mathematical theory of democracy
  • A. Tangian
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • Eur. J. Oper. Res.
  • 2010
TLDR
It is shown that at the time of German parliamentary elections 2005 the most representative was the Social Democratic Party (SPD) which was however behind Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the best coalition could be the coalition SPD/Green/Left-Party which failed because of disagreement between party leaders. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Arrow's paradox and mathematical theory of democracy
Two measures, the weight of coalitions and the probability of situations in decision making, are used to characterize the representativeness, i.e. the capability of individuals to represent theExpand
Inefficiency of democratic decision making in an unstable society
The political power is said to be efficient if good results in decision making are achieved by moderate means. For example, if a large parliament makes the same decisions as a given president, theExpand
An Outline of the Mathematical Theory of Democracy and Its Applications
This paper summarizes the author‘s studies in mathematical theory ofdemoocracy (Tanguiane 1991, 1993, 1994, 1997). The main consideration is theformalization of the notion of representativenessExpand
Predicting DAX trends from Dow Jones data by methods of the mathematical theory of democracy
  • A. Tangian
  • Economics, Computer Science
  • Eur. J. Oper. Res.
  • 2008
TLDR
Predicting the DAX-trends from the actual Dow-Jones data, where the current fluctuations of stock prices in New York are regarded as representative indicators of future stock price fluctuations in Frankfurt, finds that American Express anticipates on the average the price ±fluctuations of 2/3 of theDAX stocks. Expand
The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes: Structure, Principles, and Ideology
Direct democracy in historical perspective evidence the Athenian Constitution down to 403 BC Athens as city state and as democracy the peoples of Athens the assembly of the people the laws and theExpand
The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition
"The Machiavellian Moment" is a classic study of the consequences for modern historical and social consciousness of the ideal of the classical republic revived by Machiavelli and other thinkers ofExpand
The paradox of multiple elections
Abstract. Assume that voters must choose between voting yes (Y) and voting no (N) on three propositions on a referendum. If the winning combination is NYY on the first, second, and thirdExpand
Selecting predictors for traffic control by methods of the mathematical theory of democracy
  • A. Tangian
  • Computer Science, Mathematics
  • Eur. J. Oper. Res.
  • 2007
TLDR
The selection of such locations and processing the data captured by the cameras constitute the subjects of this paper, and a reliable prediction can be attained by already five surveillance cameras installed at appropriate locations. Expand
The theory of committees and elections
I The Theory of Committees and Elections.- I. A Committee and Motions.- II. Independent Valuation.- III. Can a Motion be Represented by the same Symbol on Different Schedules?.- IV. A Committee usingExpand
Pluralism and Social Choice
Pluralist political theory identifies certain patterns of political preferences as promoting the “stability” of democratic political systems and others as threatening to such stability. Social choiceExpand
...
1
2
...