A mathematical model of Athenian democracy

@article{Tangian2008AMM,
  title={A mathematical model of Athenian democracy},
  author={Andranik Tangian},
  journal={Social Choice and Welfare},
  year={2008},
  volume={31},
  pages={537-572}
}
  • A. Tangian
  • Published 28 February 2008
  • Economics
  • Social Choice and Welfare
It is shown that the representative capacity of democratic institutions selected by lot (=lottery), as it has been practiced in Athens in 594–322BC, is quite high. For this purpose, People’s Assembly, Council of 500, Committee of 50 with its President, juries, and magistrates are evaluated with indicators of popularity, universality, and goodness. The popularity is a spatial characteristic of representativeness, the average percentage of the population whose opinion is represented on a number… 
German parliamentary elections 2009 from the viewpoint of direct democracy
TLDR
It is concluded that voters are not very consistent with their own political profiles, disregard party manifestos, and are likely driven by political traditions, even if outdated, or by personal images of politicians.
Constitutional choice in ancient Athens: the rationality of selection to office by lot
Contrary to modern democracies ancient Athens appointed large numbers of government officers by lot. After describing the Athenian arrangements, the paper reviews the literature on the choice between
Statistical test for the mathematical theory of democracy
In economics and other social sciences, complex processes are often represented by numerical models of reality which more or less well reflect behavioral relationships and interactions. Such attempts
Decision making in politics and economics: 4. Bundestag elections 2009 and direct democracy
Five German leading parties and their coalitions are evaluated from the viewpoint of direct democracy. For this purpose, the positions of the parties on over 30 topical issues are compared with the
Testing the Representative Capacity of Parties and Coalitions (with applications to German Bundestag)
Five leading German parties and their coalitions are evaluated from the viewpoint of direct democracy. For this purpose, the positions of the parties on over 30 topical issu es, as given for the last
Representativeness of German parties and trade unions with regard to public opinion
Five German leading parties and their coalitions are evaluated from the viewpoint of direct democracy. For this purpose, the positions of the parties on over 30 topical issues are compared with the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
Arrow's paradox and mathematical theory of democracy
Two measures, the weight of coalitions and the probability of situations in decision making, are used to characterize the representativeness, i.e. the capability of individuals to represent the
Inefficiency of democratic decision making in an unstable society
The political power is said to be efficient if good results in decision making are achieved by moderate means. For example, if a large parliament makes the same decisions as a given president, the
An Outline of the Mathematical Theory of Democracy and Its Applications
This paper summarizes the author‘s studies in mathematical theory ofdemoocracy (Tanguiane 1991, 1993, 1994, 1997). The main consideration is theformalization of the notion of representativeness
The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes: Structure, Principles, and Ideology
Direct democracy in historical perspective evidence the Athenian Constitution down to 403 BC Athens as city state and as democracy the peoples of Athens the assembly of the people the laws and the
The paradox of multiple elections
Abstract. Assume that voters must choose between voting yes (Y) and voting no (N) on three propositions on a referendum. If the winning combination is NYY on the first, second, and third
Pluralism and Social Choice
Pluralist political theory identifies certain patterns of political preferences as promoting the “stability” of democratic political systems and others as threatening to such stability. Social choice
Measuring Representation: Perils of the Correlation Coefficient
Most empirical research on representation has used correlational measures. The larger the correlation between representatives' and constituents' views, the stronger the bonds between them are thought
Social Choice and Individual Values.
Originally published in 1951, Social Choice and Individual Values introduced "Arrow's Impossibility Theorem" and founded the field of social choice theory in economics and political science. This new
...
...