A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean

@article{Coale1996AMP,
  title={A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean},
  author={Kenneth H. Coale and Kenneth S. Johnson and Steve E. Fitzwater and R. Michael Gordon and Sara J. Tanner and Francisco P. Chavez and Laurie Jean Ferioli and Carole M. Sakamoto and Paul Rogers and F. J. Millero and Paul A. Steinberg and Philip D. Nightingale and David Cooper and William P. Cochlan and Michael R. Landry and John Constantinou and Gretchen Rollwagen and Armando Trasvi{\~n}a and Raphael M. Kudela},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1996},
  volume={383},
  pages={495-501}
}
The seeding of an expanse of surface waters in the equatorial Pacific Ocean with low concentrations of dissolved iron triggered a massive phytoplankton bloom which consumed large quantities of carbon dioxide and nitrate that these microscopic plants cannot fully utilize under natural conditions. These and other observations provide unequivocal support for the hypothesis that phytoplankton growth in this oceanic region is limited by iron bioavailability. 
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