A macroscopic view of self-replication

@article{Mange2004AMV,
  title={A macroscopic view of self-replication},
  author={Daniel Mange and Andr{\'e} Stauffer and Leonardo Peparaolo and Gianluca Tempesti},
  journal={Proceedings of the IEEE},
  year={2004},
  volume={92},
  pages={1929-1945}
}
In 1953, Crick and Watson published their landmark paper revealing the detailed structure of the DNA double helix. Several years earlier, von Neumann embedded a very complex configuration, a universal interpreter-copier, into a cellular array. Astoundingly, the structure of this configuration, able to realize the self-replication of any computing machine, including a universal Turing machine, shares several common traits with the structure of living cells as defined by Crick and Watson's… 
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