A literature review of autograft and allograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

@article{Marrale2006ALR,
  title={A literature review of autograft and allograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction},
  author={J. Cairn Marrale and Matthew C. Morrissey and Fares Sami Haddad},
  journal={Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy},
  year={2006},
  volume={15},
  pages={690-704}
}
Knee anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive surgery has significantly evolved and now includes the option of using an allograft. This has resulted in numerous studies evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of allografts. The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate this research and present important findings to allow the selection of the most appropriate graft source when considering allograft versus autograft reconstruction. 
Comparison of human tendon allografts and autografts used in knee reconstruction
TLDR
This paper will compare the effectiveness of allografts and autografteds in ACL reconstruction procedures with regard to postoperative outcomes and complications, biologic incorporation and laxity, athletic rehabilitation, athletic participation, functional limitations, pain, and cost.
Two-stage revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Our experience using allograft bone dowels
TLDR
The surgical technique, experience and outcome of the first 19 patients in whom the allograft bone dowels were used in the first stage of revision ACLR are described.
Cryopreservation - A Viable Alternative in Preparation for Use of Allografts in Knee Ligament Reconstruction
TLDR
Tendon allografts are used in knee surgeries, in elbow ligament reconstructions and in revisions of the acromioclavicular joint.
ACL Injury and Surgical Treatment Options
TLDR
The anatomy and function of the native ACL, the nature of injury, and aspects of ACL reconstruction, including surgical approach, tunnel positioning, graft choice, and graft fixation are reviewed.
What tissue bankers should know about the use of allograft tendons and cartilage in orthopaedics
TLDR
This review highlights the advantages and disadvantages associated with the clinical use of both tendon and osteochondral allograft, with particular emphasis paid to graft immunogenicity, viability, incorporation and disease transmission.
Primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: perioperative considerations and complications
TLDR
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are among the most commonly studied orthopaedic injuries and require thorough preoperative planning, proficient technical skills to properly manage intraoperative complications, and an extensive knowledge of possible postoperative complications.
The use of allograft tendons in primary ACL reconstruction
TLDR
A current review of the clinical evidence available to help guide surgeons through the decision-making process for the use of allografts in primary ACL reconstruction suggests use of irradiation, chemical processing and rehabilitation programs suited to autograft are important negative factors.
Surgical Treatment of Chronic Ankle Lateral Instability: Reconstruction with Tenodesis or Tendon Graft
TLDR
Limitations regarding the instabilities for over-weight, physically high demanding patients, failed anatomical repair, and particularly for significantly deficient or attenuated ligaments may indicate the need for non-anatomical reconstruction using peroneus brevis tendon or anatomical reconstruction using the allo/autograft tendon.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 126 REFERENCES
Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament by allogeneic tendon graft. An operation for chronic ligamentous insufficiency.
TLDR
The use of allogeneic human tendon is described as an intra-articular replacement for the anterior cruciate ligament and it is found that 30 patients at least two years after operation had been able to return to full sporting activities.
Comparison of perioperative morbidity of anterior cruciate ligament autografts versus allografts.
  • S. Saddemi, A. Frogameni, P. Fenton, J. Hartman, W. Hartman
  • Medicine, Biology
    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
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Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: which graft is best?
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  • Biology, Medicine
    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
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Intrinsic healing of a patellar tendon donor site defect after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
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  • Medicine, Engineering
    Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • 1992
TLDR
An unclosed central one-third patellar tendon anterior cruciate ligament donor site was evaluated in a 22-year-old man and suggests that sutured patella tendon donor site closure may be unnecessary.
Allograft use in ACL reconstruction
Integration of hamstring tendon graft with bone in reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.
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  • Medicine, Biology
    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
  • 1997
Graft selection in reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.
TLDR
Whether certain grafts are more suitable in particular cases and speculate as to the future directions of surgery of the ACL considering tissue engineering, growth factors and gene therapy are considered.
Should allografts be used for routine anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions?
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  • Medicine
    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
  • 2003
TLDR
The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to learn more about the role of laser-spot assisted, 3D image analysis in the reconstruction of knee arthroscopy is presented.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery 1996: State of the Art?
TLDR
One of the major advances in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has been the acceptance of early range of motion and controlled endurance and strength training during the postoperative period.
Autograft versus allograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
  • W. Shelton, L. Papendick, A. Dukes
  • Medicine
    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
  • 1997
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