A leader in an emerging new international market: the determinants of French wine exports, 1848–1938

  title={A leader in an emerging new international market: the determinants of French wine exports, 1848–1938},
  author={Mar{\'i}a-Isabel Ayuda and Hugo Ferrer-P{\'e}rez and Vicente Pinilla},
  journal={The Economic History Review},
The objective of this article is to provide an in‐depth study of France's performance in the new international wine market that began to take shape from the middle of the nineteenth century. We analyse the main determinants of its success in exporting ordinary and high‐quality wine using a gravity model for both types of wine. The article shows how France lost foreign markets in the ordinary wine sector, due to difficulties in maintaining its exports, which resulted from the decrease in… 
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