A late Eemian aridity pulse in central Europe during the last glacial inception

  title={A late Eemian aridity pulse in central Europe during the last glacial inception},
  author={Frank Sirocko and Klemens Seelos and Katja Schaber and Bert Rein and Frank Dreher and Michael Diehl and Rouwen Lehn{\'e} and Knut J{\"a}ger and Matthias R. Krbetschek and D. Degering},
Investigating the processes that led to the end of the last interglacial period is relevant for understanding how our ongoing interglacial will end, which has been a matter of much debate (see, for example, refs 1, 2). A recent ice core from Greenland demonstrates climate cooling from 122,000 years ago driven by orbitally controlled insolation, with glacial inception at 118,000 years ago. Here we present an annually resolved, layer-counted record of varve thickness, quartz grain size and pollen… 

Abrupt high-latitude climate events and decoupled seasonal trends during the Eemian

In Northern Europe, the Eemian saw dramatic climatic shifts, linked to changes in Earth’s orbit and North Atlantic oceanic circulation, leading to an oceanic Late-Eemian climate, consistent with an earlier hypothesis of glacial inception in Europe.

Muted multidecadal climate variability in central Europe during cold stadial periods

During the last ice age, the Northern Hemisphere experienced a series of abrupt millennial-scale climatic changes linked to variations in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning

Evidence for last interglacial chronology and environmental change from Southern Europe

Warming into the first major interstadial event after the last interglacial is characterized by markedly different phase relationships to those of the deglaciations, warming at Monticchio coinciding with Antarctic warming and leading the atmospheric methane increase.

Early Last Interglacial environmental changes recorded by speleothems from Katerloch (south‐east Austria)

In the European Alps, the Last Interglacial (LIG, ~129–116 ka) has been primarily studied using pollen preserved in mires and lake sediments. These records document the vegetation succession across

Tropical Atlantic temperature seasonality at the end of the last interglacial

This work presents a monthly resolved snapshot of reconstructed sea surface temperature in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean for 117.7±0.8 kyr ago, and finds that temperature seasonality was similar to today, which is consistent with the orbital insolation forcing.

Pollen-based temperature and precipitation changes in the Ohrid Basin (western Balkans) between 160 and 70 ka

Abstract. Our study aims to reconstruct climate changes that occurred at Lake Ohrid (south-western Balkan Peninsula), the oldest extant lake in Europe, between 160 and 70 ka (covering part of marine

Aridity synthesis for eight selected key regions of the global climate system during the last 60 000 years

Abstract. A compilation of the published literature on dust content in terrestrial and marine sediment cores was synchronized with pollen data and speleothem growth phases on the Greenland Ice Core



High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period

An undisturbed climate record from a North Greenland ice core, which extends back to 123,000 years before the present, within the last interglacial period, shows a slow decline in temperatures that marked the initiation of the last glacial period.

Rapid environmental changes in southern Europe during the last glacial period

Oxygen-isotope records from Greenland ice cores, indicate numerous rapid climate fluctuations during the last glacial period. North Atlantic marine sediment cores show comparable variability in sea

Abrupt end of the last interglacial s.s. in north-east France

Close study of past interglacials might indicate how and when the present interglacial will end and whether we are heading towards a warming or a cooling1,2. No certain prediction has been possible

High-resolution climate records from the North Atlantic during the last interglacial

THE two deep ice cores recovered by the GRIP1 and GISP22 projects at Summit, Greenland, agree in detail over the past 100,000 years3 and demonstrate dramatic climate variability in the North Atlantic

North Atlantic Current and European environments during the declining stage of the last interglacial

This paper provides a tentative reconstruction of environmental shifts in Europe associated with changes of the North Atlantic Current and related meridional sea-surface temperature (SST) gradients.

Climate variations in Europe over the past 140 kyr deduced from rock magnetism

RAPID shifts in climate during the last glacial are now well documented, particularly from the oxygen isotope records of the two Greenland ice cores GRIP1,2 and GISP23. In the GRIP record1,2 these

Synchroneity between marine and terrestrial responses to millennial scale climatic variability during the last glacial period in the Mediterranean region

Abstract.Land–sea climatic proxies have been obtained from the Last Glacial section of IMAGES core MD95-2043 (western Mediterranean Sea). Vegetation and alkenone derived SST curves indicate rapid

Simulating the amplification of orbital forcing by ocean feedbacks in the last glaciation

A fully coupled ocean–atmosphere model of the last glaciation is presented that produces a build-up of perennial snow cover at known locations of ice sheets during this period and shows that ocean feedbacks lead to a cooling of the high northern latitudes, along with an increase in atmospheric moisture transport from the Equator to the poles.

Transient simulation of the last glacial inception. Part I: glacial inception as a bifurcation in the climate system

We study the mechanisms of glacial inception by using the Earth system model of intermediate complexity, CLIMBER-2, which encompasses dynamic modules of the atmosphere, ocean, biosphere and ice