A jury of matrons.

  title={A jury of matrons.},
  author={Thomas Rogers Forbes},
  journal={Medical History},
  pages={23 - 33}
  • T. R. Forbes
  • Published 1 January 1988
  • Medicine, History
  • Medical History
In particular circumstances, the civil and criminal laws of England required that a litigant or a prisoner convicted of a capital offence should be examined to determine whether she was pregnant. Such efforts to solve a medical problem for legal reasons illustrate, among other things, one of the interfaces between the two disciplines and their interdependence when confronted with a common problem. This paper reviews some typical English cases.1 Once the classical physical signs ofpregnancy had… 

More than Mothers: Juries of Matrons and Pleas of the Belly in Medieval England

  • S. Butler
  • History, Law
    Law and History Review
  • 2019
Common law was an all-male system, with one glaring exception: juries of matrons. If a convicted felon requested a reprieve from execution on the grounds of pregnancy, it was the responsibility of a

Gender, Crime and Discretion in Yorkshire, 1735-1775

This book explores the gendered exercise of discretion at the various stages of the judicial process in the quarter session and assize courts of Yorkshire between 1735 and 1775. It examines the

Restricting the Juror Franchise in 1920s England and Wales

  • K. Crosby
  • Law, History
    Law and History Review
  • 2019
This article argues that the juror franchise became more restrictive in the years immediately after the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 had broadened the jury franchise so as to include some

Blood and Expertise: The Trials of the Female Medical Expert in the Ancien-R�gime Courtroom

This article explores the obstacles faced by the female medical expert in the early modern courtroom through a close reading of three case studies: Marie Garnier, expert midwife tried for false

Medieval English medical practice and the law : an analysis of cases

A vivid insight is provided into the interaction of the medical practitioner and the law in medieval medicine from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth century.

Poxed and Ravished: Venereal Disease in Early Modern Rape Trials

It is argued that placing the poxed body, as opposed to the ravished body, center stage made rape easier to communicate, convict, and condemn.

Sex Ambiguity in Early Modern Common Law (1629–1787)

Prior to the modern understanding of sex as fundamentally biological, a person’s sex status—that is, whether they were male or female—was largely a legal issue. How was this legal fact established in

Marital Violence: Children and marital violence

Today, when marriages break down and there are children from that marriage, issues of childcare, welfare, maintenance and custody are considered of paramount importance. Long and bitter disputes over

Marital Violence: Rethinking the histories of violence

While both women experienced forms of marital violence, the ways in which Rachael Norcott in 1666 and Mary Veitch in 1837 described what they had endured were very different. According to Rachael's



Taylor's Principles and Practice of Medical Jurisprudence

This is not a work in forensic pathology, although pages are devoted to aspects of that field, nor is it a treatise on criminology, designed to assist legal officers and medicolegal officials in pursuit of their duties, with special reference to English customs, practice, regulations, and laws.

Surgeons at the Bailey. English forensic medicine to 1878

The result in Forbes's work is that it is not a problem in itself to know what is "medical" or "expert" evidence, since modern medical understandings preselected the whole scheme of organization.

Historical Sketch of the British Medical Association

The proceedings of the Association in regard to Medical Reform, of the Medical Reform Committee, ofThe Committee on Parliamentary Bills, and of the Joint Committee on State Medicine of the British Medical and Social Science Associations, will begiven in separate chapters.

Guy and David Ferrier , Principles offorensic medicine , London , Henry Renshaw , 1875 , p . 59 . 36 ' A jury of matrons '

    A manual ofmedicaljurisprudence

    • J. Dixon Mann, Forensic medicine and toxicology

    Principles offorensic medicine A manual ofmedicaljurisprudence Forensic medicine and toxicology

    • Taylor's Principles andpractice ofmedicaljurisprudence
    • 1895

    note 28 aboveA jury ofmatrons', Legal Observer Reports of cases argued and ruled at nisi prius

    • note 28 aboveA jury ofmatrons', Legal Observer Reports of cases argued and ruled at nisi prius
    • 1838