A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: dynamics of willpower.

  title={A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: dynamics of willpower.},
  author={Janet Metcalfe and Walter Mischel},
  journal={Psychological review},
  volume={106 1},
A 2-system framework is proposed for understanding the processes that enable--and undermine--self-control or "willpower" as exemplified in the delay of gratification paradigm. A cool, cognitive "know" system and a hot, emotional "go" system are postulated. The cool system is cognitive, emotionally neutral, contemplative, flexible, integrated, coherent, spatiotemporal, slow, episodic, and strategic. It is the seat of self-regulation and self-control. The hot system is the basis of emotionality… 

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