A hominid tooth from Bulgaria: the last pre-human hominid of continental Europe.

Abstract

A hominid upper premolar was discovered in the Azmaka quarry, near Chirpan (Bulgaria). The associated fauna, especially the co-occurrence of Choerolophodon and Anancus among the proboscideans, and Cremohipparion matthewi and Hippotherium brachypus among the hipparions, constrains the age of the locality to the second half of the middle Turolian (ca. 7 Ma), making it the latest pre-human hominid of continental Europe and Asia Minor. The available morphological and metric data are more similar to those of Ouranopithecus from the Vallesian of Greece than to those of the early to middle Turolian hominids of Turkey and Georgia, but the time gap speaks against a direct phyletic link, and Turolian migration from the east cannot be rejected.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.10.008

Cite this paper

@article{Spassov2012AHT, title={A hominid tooth from Bulgaria: the last pre-human hominid of continental Europe.}, author={N. Spassov and Denis Geraads and Latinka Hristova and G N Markov and Gildas Merceron and T Tzankov and Kiril Stoyanov and Madelaine B{\"{o}hme and Anelia A. Dimitrova}, journal={Journal of human evolution}, year={2012}, volume={62 1}, pages={138-45} }