A history of the exploitation of the Ross Sea, Antarctica

  title={A history of the exploitation of the Ross Sea, Antarctica},
  author={David G. Ainley},
  journal={Polar Record},
  pages={233 - 243}
  • D. Ainley
  • Published 2 September 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Polar Record
ABSTRACT Recent analyses of anthropogenic impacts on marine systems have shown that the Ross Sea is the least affected stretch of ocean on Earth, although historical effects were not included in those studies. Herein the literature is reviewed in order to quantify the extent of extraction of biological resources from the Ross Sea continental shelf and slope from the start of the 20th century. There was none before that time. An intense extraction of Weddell seals Leptonychotes weddellii by the… 
Fishing down the food web of the Antarctic continental shelf and slope
ABSTRACT The history of biotic exploitation for the continental margin (shelf and slope) of the Antarctic Large Marine Ecosystem (LME) is reviewed, with emphasis on the period from 1970 to 2010. In
Sealing, whaling and krill fishing in the Southern Ocean: past and possible future effects on catch regulations
  • R. Hofman
  • Environmental Science
    Polar Record
  • 2016
ABSTRACT This paper (1) reviews the history of sealing and whaling in the Southern Ocean to illustrate how market demands combined with no or ineffective regulation of catches led to the
Modeling the relationship of Antarctic minke whales to major ocean boundaries
It is proposed that as the sbACC moves south and sea ice disappears, as projected by global climate models, minke whale habitat will shrink, and likely intra- and inter-specific competition will increase.
The Case for Inclusion of the Ross Sea Continental Shelf and Slope in a Southern Ocean Network of Marine Reserves
  • Environmental Science
  • 2010
This paper outlines recently assembled information that reinforces the case for protection of the Ross Sea. As noted in ASOC’s (2010) paper on Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) for this ATCM, there is
Commercial Harvest in Antarctica
James Cook’s discovery that the ocean around Antarctica teemed with life inspired a massive hunt for seals and later whales, which in part drove subsequent Antarctic exploration. While formal
Decadal trends in abundance, size and condition of Antarctic toothfish in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, 1972–2011
We report the analyses of a dataset spanning 39 years of near-annual fishing for Dissostichus mawsoni in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, 1972–2011. Data on total length, condition and catch per unit
Visual Imaging of Benthic Carbonate-Mixed Factories in the Ross Sea Region Marine Protected Area, Antarctica
Marine biogenic skeletal production is the prevalent source of Ca-carbonate in today’s Antarctic seas. Most information, however, derives from the post-mortem legacy of calcifying organisms. Prior
An Apparent Decrease in the Prevalence of "Ross Sea Killer Whales" in the Southern Ross Sea
It is suggested and reviewed that the change in RS killer whale numbers in the southern Ross Sea is related to an industrial fishery-driven, densitydependent northward contraction of the toothfish stock and not to changes in the physical (and, in turn, biological) environment.
Tintinnid ciliates (marine microzooplankton) of the Ross Sea
For the Ross Sea, the only Marine Protected Area in Antarctica, available data on the tintinnid ciliates of the marine microzooplankton are mostly limited to nearshore waters near Terra Nova Bay or


  • Environmental Science
  • 2003
The Ross Sea is a well-defined embayment of Antarctica about the size of southern Europe, bounded by Victoria Land to the west; King Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land, to the east; the Ross Ice
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Simultaneous, but contrary, decadal-scale changes in population trajectories of two penguin species in the western Pacific and Ross Sea sectors of the Southern Ocean, during the early/mid-1970s and
Trophic interactions within the Ross Sea continental shelf ecosystem
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During a cruise to the Ross Ice Shelf we counted all penguins and marine mammals seen whilst underway. Our objective was to determine the abundance and distribution of these animals along our cruise
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Investigations in recent years of the ecological structure and processes of the Southern Ocean have almost exclusively taken a bottom-up, forcing-by-physical-processes approach relating various species' population trends to climate change, prompting questions about the almost complete shift in paradigms that has occurred and whether it is leading Southern Ocean marine ecological science in an instructive direction.
Biomass of Birds and Mammals in the Ross Sea
Birds and mammals were concentrated in the same areas, in conjunction with oceanographic fronts, while large areas were devoid of these upper-trophic-level predators, which affected the animals’ distributions, especially those of mammals.
Ecological repercussions of historical fish extraction from the Southern Ocean
A major mid-1980s shift in ecological structure of significant portions of the Southern Ocean was partially due to the serial depletion of fish by intensive industrial fishing, rather than solely to
Competition among penguins and cetaceans reveals trophic cascades in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica.
It is concluded that the foraging of penguins and whales, and not a formerly hypothesized seasonal decrease in sea-ice cover, explains the annual switch in the penguins' prey from krill to silverfish, the subsequent lengthening of penguin foraging trips, and a marked decline of cetaceans in the area later in the season.
Opinion: Projecting the effects of environmental change on Antarctic seals
Abstract We consider how Antarctic seals may respond to changes in climate, realizing that anthropogenic alteration of food webs will influence these responses. The species considered include the
  • Environmental Science
  • 2004
The Ross Sea Shelf Ecosystem (RSShelfE) offers the last chance to understand ecological processes in a system where both top-down and bottom-up forcing are still intact. Elsewhere in Earth’s oceans