A history of sport-related concussion on event-related brain potential correlates of cognition.

@article{Broglio2011AHO,
  title={A history of sport-related concussion on event-related brain potential correlates of cognition.},
  author={Steven P. Broglio and Robert D Moore and Charles H. Hillman},
  journal={International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={82 1},
  pages={
          16-23
        }
}
  • S. Broglio, Robert D Moore, C. Hillman
  • Published 1 October 2011
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
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The results suggest that concussion history has a negative effect on visual processing in young adults, and upper-level neurocognitive deficits associated with concussion may, in part, result from less efficient downstream sensory capture.
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Influence of Concussion History and Genetics on Event-Related Potentials in Athletes: Potential Use in Concussion Management
TLDR
It is suggested that measuring cognitive processing through the use of event related potentials (ERPs) may provide a more sensitive assessment of cognitive function, as shown through recent research showing concussion history to influence ERPs components.
History of concussion impacts electrophysiological correlates of working memory.
Do sport-related concussions result in long-term cognitive impairment? A review of event-related potential research.
Neurophysiological correlates of persistent psycho-affective alterations in athletes with a history of concussion
TLDR
The current study suggests that athletes with a history of concussion who made a complete return to play and reported to be asymptomatic on a commonly used symptom checklist may still exhibit neural activity associated with increased levels of depression, anxiety and anger/hostility.
Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players
TLDR
It is demonstrated that multiple concussions sustained over several years can lead to altered cognitive and psychosocial function, and neurophysiological markers of conscious and pre-conscious attention provide an objective assessment for evaluating long-term cognitive consequences of concussion.
Preliminary investigation of Brain Network Activation (BNA) and its clinical utility in sport-related concussion
TLDR
The data support the utility of BNA to augment clinical examinations, symptoms and additional tests by providing an effective method for evaluating objective electrophysiological changes associated with sport-related concussions.
Assessing the impact of concussion history on the N200, P300 and reward positivity
TLDR
This study adds to a continuous line of inconclusive research on the N200 and P300, suggesting minimal cognitive deficits result from concussive injuries, and suggests the ACC is located in a region of increased stress following TBI, functional deficits impacting the reward positivity may not be as significant as previously hypothesized.
Long-Term Effects of Concussion on Electrophysiological Indices of Attention in Varsity College Athletes: An Event-Related Potential and Standardized Low-Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography Approach.
TLDR
The hypothesis that individuals with a past concussion recruit compensatory neural resources in order to meet executive functioning demands is supported and high-density ERP measures combined with source localization provide an important method to detect long-term neural consequences of concussion in the absence of impaired neuropsychological performance.
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Abstract Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) that result from participation in sports are a major public health issue affecting 1.6–3.8 million individuals annually. The injury has been postulated
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TLDR
The results suggest that players with three or more concussions differed significantly on the several cognitive PCS symptoms as well as for the latency of the P3 response compared to those with no concussion history.
Concussions in athletes produce brain dysfunction as revealed by event‐related potentials
TLDR
The data suggest that concussions cause objectively measurable changes in the electro-physiological markers of brain activity and hence in the functions of the structures from which they originate, and ERPs may constitute a reliable method to accurately monitor the clinical course and recovery of head injuries in athletes.
The association between mild traumatic brain injury history and cognitive control
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Evidence of changes in brain function in individuals with persistent post-concussion symptoms is consistent with the position that the post- Concussion syndrome has a substantial biological, as opposed to a psychological, basis.
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TLDR
This study shows that there is no relation between the number of previous self reported episodes of concussion and current cognitive state, directly contradicting the findings of previous research.
The Effect of Sport Concussion on Neurocognitive Function, Self-Report Symptoms and Postural Control
TLDR
These findings support the use of the multifaceted concussion evaluation after immediately post-injury and in the 2 weeks following injury.
Prolonged Effects of Concussion in High School Athletes
TLDR
There seem to be subtle yet significant prolonged neuropsychological effects in youth athletes with a history of two or more previous concussions, suggesting that athletes with lower grade point averages may be more prone to concussion.
Brain function decline in healthy retired athletes who sustained their last sports concussion in early adulthood.
TLDR
The finding that the P3, the CSP as well as neuropsychological and motor indices were altered more than three decades post-concussion provides evidence for the chronicity of cognitive and motor system changes consecutive to sports concussion.
Concussion history is not a predictor of computerised neurocognitive performance
TLDR
The results suggest that either long term cognitive decrement may not be associated with a history of concussion or the decrements may be subtle and undetectable by these computer based concussion assessment programs.
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