A history of sport-related concussion on event-related brain potential correlates of cognition.

@article{Broglio2011AHO,
  title={A history of sport-related concussion on event-related brain potential correlates of cognition.},
  author={Steven P. Broglio and Robert D Moore and Charles H. Hillman},
  journal={International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={82 1},
  pages={
          16-23
        }
}
  • S. Broglio, Robert D Moore, C. Hillman
  • Published 1 October 2011
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
Over the past decade, a growing body of research has detailed persistent changes to neuroelectric indices of cognition in amateur and professional athletes with a concussion history. Here, we review the relevant neuroelectric findings on this relationship while considering the duration from the last concussive event. Collectively, the findings support a negative relation of concussive injury to neuroelectric indices of brain health and cognition in the presence of normal clinical findings. The… Expand
Sport-related concussion and sensory function in young adults.
TLDR
The results suggest that concussion history has a negative effect on visual processing in young adults, and upper-level neurocognitive deficits associated with concussion may, in part, result from less efficient downstream sensory capture. Expand
A history of sport-related concussion is associated with sustained deficits in conflict and error monitoring.
TLDR
Findings suggest a persistent impairment in cognitive control and error-related processing in individuals with a history of concussion, interpreted within the framework of the compensatory error-monitoring hypothesis. Expand
Influence of Concussion History and Genetics on Event-Related Potentials in Athletes: Potential Use in Concussion Management
TLDR
It is suggested that measuring cognitive processing through the use of event related potentials (ERPs) may provide a more sensitive assessment of cognitive function, as shown through recent research showing concussion history to influence ERPs components. Expand
History of concussion impacts electrophysiological correlates of working memory.
TLDR
It is suggested that ERPs may be a sensitive and objective measure to detect long-term cognitive consequences of concussion and previously concussed athletes engaged different brain regions compared to athletes with no concussion history. Expand
Do sport-related concussions result in long-term cognitive impairment? A review of event-related potential research.
TLDR
Cross-sectional evidence suggests consistent reductions in P3 amplitude in previously concussed individuals, as well as a possible impairment in cognitive processing speed and error monitoring processes, which may be related to the number of previous concussions sustained and the time since injury. Expand
Neurophysiological correlates of persistent psycho-affective alterations in athletes with a history of concussion
TLDR
The current study suggests that athletes with a history of concussion who made a complete return to play and reported to be asymptomatic on a commonly used symptom checklist may still exhibit neural activity associated with increased levels of depression, anxiety and anger/hostility. Expand
Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players
TLDR
It is demonstrated that multiple concussions sustained over several years can lead to altered cognitive and psychosocial function, and neurophysiological markers of conscious and pre-conscious attention provide an objective assessment for evaluating long-term cognitive consequences of concussion. Expand
Preliminary investigation of Brain Network Activation (BNA) and its clinical utility in sport-related concussion
TLDR
The data support the utility of BNA to augment clinical examinations, symptoms and additional tests by providing an effective method for evaluating objective electrophysiological changes associated with sport-related concussions. Expand
Assessing the impact of concussion history on the N200, P300 and reward positivity
TLDR
This study adds to a continuous line of inconclusive research on the N200 and P300, suggesting minimal cognitive deficits result from concussive injuries, and suggests the ACC is located in a region of increased stress following TBI, functional deficits impacting the reward positivity may not be as significant as previously hypothesized. Expand
Long-Term Effects of Concussion on Electrophysiological Indices of Attention in Varsity College Athletes: An Event-Related Potential and Standardized Low-Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography Approach.
TLDR
The hypothesis that individuals with a past concussion recruit compensatory neural resources in order to meet executive functioning demands is supported and high-density ERP measures combined with source localization provide an important method to detect long-term neural consequences of concussion in the absence of impaired neuropsychological performance. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 96 REFERENCES
The persistent effects of concussion on neuroelectric indices of attention
Abstract Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) that result from participation in sports are a major public health issue affecting 1.6–3.8 million individuals annually. The injury has been postulatedExpand
Electrophysiological evidence for the cumulative effects of concussion.
TLDR
The results suggest that players with three or more concussions differed significantly on the several cognitive PCS symptoms as well as for the latency of the P3 response compared to those with no concussion history. Expand
Concussions in athletes produce brain dysfunction as revealed by event‐related potentials
TLDR
The data suggest that concussions cause objectively measurable changes in the electro-physiological markers of brain activity and hence in the functions of the structures from which they originate, and ERPs may constitute a reliable method to accurately monitor the clinical course and recovery of head injuries in athletes. Expand
The association between mild traumatic brain injury history and cognitive control
TLDR
It is indicated that a greater number of mTBIs may relate to poorer integrity in the evaluation or signaling for control during instances of conflict and measures of cognitive control may be more sensitive to signs of chronic cognitive dysfunction resulting frommTBI. Expand
Electrophysiological indices of persistent post-concussion symptoms
TLDR
Evidence of changes in brain function in individuals with persistent post-concussion symptoms is consistent with the position that the post- Concussion syndrome has a substantial biological, as opposed to a psychological, basis. Expand
Does history of concussion affect current cognitive status?
TLDR
This study shows that there is no relation between the number of previous self reported episodes of concussion and current cognitive state, directly contradicting the findings of previous research. Expand
The Effect of Sport Concussion on Neurocognitive Function, Self-Report Symptoms and Postural Control
TLDR
These findings support the use of the multifaceted concussion evaluation after immediately post-injury and in the 2 weeks following injury. Expand
Prolonged Effects of Concussion in High School Athletes
TLDR
There seem to be subtle yet significant prolonged neuropsychological effects in youth athletes with a history of two or more previous concussions, suggesting that athletes with lower grade point averages may be more prone to concussion. Expand
Brain function decline in healthy retired athletes who sustained their last sports concussion in early adulthood.
TLDR
The finding that the P3, the CSP as well as neuropsychological and motor indices were altered more than three decades post-concussion provides evidence for the chronicity of cognitive and motor system changes consecutive to sports concussion. Expand
Concussion history is not a predictor of computerised neurocognitive performance
TLDR
The results suggest that either long term cognitive decrement may not be associated with a history of concussion or the decrements may be subtle and undetectable by these computer based concussion assessment programs. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...