A history of organic farming: Transitions from Sir Albert Howard's War in the Soil to USDA National Organic Program

  title={A history of organic farming: Transitions from Sir Albert Howard's War in the Soil to USDA National Organic Program},
  author={Joseph R. Heckman},
  journal={Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems},
  pages={143 - 150}
  • J. Heckman
  • Published 1 September 2006
  • Political Science
  • Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
The organic farming concept developed in the period prior to 1940 and was pioneered by Sir Albert Howard (1873–1947). Howard, born and educated in England, directed agricultural research centers in India (1905–1931) before permanently returning to England. His years of agricultural research experiences and observations gradually evolved into a philosophy and concept of organic farming that he espoused in several books. Howard's thinking on soil fertility and the need to effectively recycle… 
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