A historical perspective on modified Newtonian dynamics

  title={A historical perspective on modified Newtonian dynamics},
  author={R. H. Sanders},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Physics},
  • R. Sanders
  • Published 1 April 2014
  • Physics
  • Canadian Journal of Physics
I review the history and development of Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) beginning with the phenomenological basis as it existed in the early 1980s. I consider Milgrom's papers of 1983 introducing the idea and its consequences for galaxies and galaxy groups, as well as the initial reactions, both negative and positive. The early criticisms were primarily on matters of principle, such as the absence of conservation laws and perceived cosmological problems; an important step in addressing these… 

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