A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi.

  title={A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi.},
  author={David S. Hibbett and Manfred Binder and Joseph F. Bischoff and Meredith Blackwell and Paul F. Cannon and Ove Eriksson and Sabine M. Huhndorf and Timothy Y. James and Paul M. Kirk and Robert L{\"u}cking and H. Thorsten Lumbsch and François Lutzoni and P. Brandon Matheny and David J. McLaughlin and Martha J. Powell and Scott A Redhead and Conrad L. Schoch and Joseph W. Spatafora and Joost A. Stalpers and Rytas Vilgalys and M. Catherine Aime and Andr{\'e} Aptroot and Robert BauerR. Bauer and Dominik Begerow and Gerald L. Benny and Lisa A. Castlebury and Pedro W. Crous and Yu-Cheng Dai and Walter Gams and David M. Geiser and Gareth Wyn Griffith and C{\'e}cile Gueidan and David L Hawksworth and Geir Hestmark and Kentaro Hosaka and Richard A. Humber and Kevin David Hyde and Joseph E. Ironside and Urmas K{\~o}ljalg and Cletus P. Kurtzman and Karl-Henrik Larsson and Robert W. Lichtwardt and Joyce E. Longcore and Jolanta Miadlikowska and Andrew N. Miller and Jean-Marc Moncalvo and Sharon E Mozley-Standridge and Franz Oberwinkler and {\'E}. Kh. Parmasto and Valérie Reeb and Jack D. Rogers and Claude Roux and Leif Ryvarden and Jos{\'e} Paulo Sampaio and Arthur Sch{\"u}{\ss}ler and Junta Sugiyama and R. Greg Thorn and Leif Tibell and Wendy A. Untereiner and Christopher Walker and Zheng Wang and Alex Weir and Michael Wei{\ss} and Merlin M White and Katarina Winka and Yi‐Jian Yao and Ning Zhang},
  journal={Mycological research},
  volume={111 Pt 5},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa

This article provides an outline of the classification of the kingdom Fungi (including fossil fungi), and treats 19 phyla of fungi, including all currently described orders of fungi.

High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses

An updated phylum- and class-level fungal classification accounting for monophyly and divergence time so that the main taxonomic ranks are more informative and an example of testing evolutionary ecological hypotheses based on a global soil fungal data set is provided.

Phylogeny and taxonomy of obscure genera of microfungi

Several families are shown to be polyphyletic within some orders, especially in the Capnodiales, Chaetothyriales and Pleosporales.

A phylum-level phylogenetic classification of zygomycete fungi based on genome-scale data

It is demonstrated that zygomycetes comprise two major clades that form a paraphyletic grade, and the phyla Mucoromycota and ZoopagomyCota are circumscribed.

Where are the basal fungi? Current status on diversity, ecology, evolution, and taxonomy

This review pinpoint research gaps and discuss the current classification schemes along with information on evolution, diversity, current methods and challenges to isolate and culture basal fungi.

Molecular systematics of the marine Dothideomycetes

Specific attention is given to the adaptation of the Dothideomycetes to the marine milieu, new lineages of marine fungi and their host specificity.

Molecular Characters of Zygomycetous Fungi

The traditional Zygomycota has recently been considered polyphyletic as evidenced by a lot of molecular phylogenetic analyses, and as a result, it has been distributed into a new phylum and four pending subphyla and the term “zygomycetous fungi” is used for those members traditionally included in the classical phylum Zygmycota.

A new lineage of lichenized basidiomycetes inferred from a two-gene phylogeny: The Lepidostromataceae with three species from the tropics.

A new family of basidiolichens made up of tropical, soil-inhabiting fungi that form lichenized, scale-like squamules and erect, coral-like fruiting structures is described, indicating similar pathways to lichenization in these fungi.

Biodiversity, phylogeny and evolution of fungi

India is rich in biodiversity, and one-third of fungal diversity of the globe exists in India, as unlike other organisms, fungal structures do not fossilize well, so theories on phylogeny of fungi are based on the morphological features of the extant fungi.

A Cladistic Outline of the Eumycota

  • A. Tehler
  • Biology, Engineering
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 1988
A cladistic classification of fungi determined by a parsimony method with 21 terminal taxa and 51 characters is presented, finding the Hyphochytriomycota is the sister group to remaining groups and the Taphrinaceae and Saccharomycetaceae are more closely related than to any of the ascomycetous groups.

Evolutionary relationships among basal fungi (Chytridiomycota and Zygomycota): Insights from molecular phylogenetics.

A hypothetical evolutionary framework of basal fungi is proposed, based on recent molecular phylogenetic investigation based on rDNA, entire mitochondrial genomes, and nuclear protein coding gene sequences, which suggests that the two basal fungal phyla are not monophyletic.

Phylogenetic divergence of the entomophthoralean fungi: Evidence from nuclear 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences

To analyze the phylogeny and molecular evolution of the entomophthoralean fungi, we deter? mined the small subunit nuclear ribosomal RNA gene sequences for four representative species of the En-

Phylogeny of the Zygomycota based on nuclear ribosomal sequence data.

A molecular-based phylogeny including recognized representatives of the Zygomycetes and TrichomycETes with a combined dataset for nuclear rRNA 18S (SSU), 5.8S and 28S (LSU) genes is presented.

A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution * * Dedicated to Manfred Kluge (Tech

The ecologically and economically important arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, crucial in the ecology and physiology of land plants, and the endocytobiotic fungus, Geosiphon pyriformis, are phylogenetically analysed by their small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequences and placed into a new monophyletic phylum, the Glomeromycota.

Molecular phylogeny of parasitic zygomycota (Dimargaritales, zoopagales) based on nuclear small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences.

The 18S rDNA phylogeny is mostly consistent with traditional phenotypic-based classification schemes of the Fungi, as reflected by low bootstrap and decay index support for virtually all internal nodes uniting ordinal and superordinal taxa.

Phylogenetic relationships of Lecanoromycetes (Ascomycota) as revealed by analyses of mtSSU and nLSU rDNA sequence data.

The phylogeny of Lecanoromycetes (Ascomycota, Fungi) is investigated utilizing parsimony and Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo analyses, and it is suggested that Acarosporaceae, Candelariaceae, Phlyctis and Pycnora are not members of the monophyletic LECanorales, and that Timdalia and Pleopsidium are members of a monophyletsporaceae.

The phylogenetic relationships of the anaerobic chytridiomycetous gut fungi (Neocallimasticaceae) and the Chytridiomycota. II. Cladistic analysis of structural data and description of Neocallimasticales ord.nov.

The authors' analyses show that there are three major clades within the Chytridiomycota: the gut fungi, the Blastocladiales, and the Spizellomycetales–Chytridiales–Monoblepharidales, and that the gut fungus is elevated to the order Neocallimasticales ord.nov.

Molecular phylogenetics of the gomphoid-phalloid fungi with an establishment of the new subclass Phallomycetidae and two new orders.

A new subclass Phallomycetidae, and two new orders, Hysterangiales and Geastrales, are proposed, based on the results of phylogenetic analyses for the gomphoid-phalloid fungi.

Phylogenetic relationships in Auriculariales and related groups: hypotheses derived from nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences

The Sebacinaceae, including the genera Sebacina, Efibulobasidium, Tremelloscypha, and Craterocolla, was confirmed as a monophyletic group, which appeared distant from other taxa ascribed to the Auriculariales.