A global meta‐analysis of forest bioenergy greenhouse gas emission accounting studies

  title={A global meta‐analysis of forest bioenergy greenhouse gas emission accounting studies},
  author={Thomas Buchholz and Matthew D. Hurteau and J. Gunn and David S. Saah},
  journal={GCB Bioenergy},
The potential greenhouse gas benefits of displacing fossil energy with biofuels are driving policy development in the absence of complete information. The potential carbon neutrality of forest biomass is a source of considerable scientific debate because of the complexity of dynamic forest ecosystems, varied feedstock types, and multiple energy production pathways. The lack of scientific consensus leaves decision makers struggling with contradicting technical advice. Analyzing previously… 

Assessing the potential for unaccounted emissions from bioenergy and the implications for forests: The United States and global

Development of the bioenergy sector is being actively pursued in many countries as a means to reduce climate change and fulfill international climate agreements such as the Paris Agreement. Although

Range and uncertainties in estimating delays in greenhouse gas mitigation potential of forest bioenergy sourced from Canadian forests

Accurately assessing the delay before the substitution of fossil fuel by forest bioenergy starts having a net beneficial impact on atmospheric CO2 is becoming important as the cost of delaying GHG

Does replacing coal with wood lower CO2 emissions? Dynamic lifecycle analysis of wood bioenergy

Bioenergy is booming as nations seek to cut their greenhouse gas emissions. The European Union declared biofuels to be carbon-neutral, triggering a surge in wood use. But do biofuels actually reduce

Bioenergy carbon emissions footprint considering the biogenic carbon and secondary effects

The sustainability of bioenergy is varying on a case‐by‐case basis. It considerably depends on the source of biomass, management practices (plantation, harvesting, conversion technologies, supply

Climate, economic, and environmental impacts of producing wood for bioenergy

Increasing combustion of woody biomass for electricity has raised concerns and produced conflicting statements about impacts on atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, climate, and other

Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation. From Science to Policy 3

The Paris Agreement and the EU Climate and Energy Framework set ambitious but necessary targets. Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by phasing out the technologies and infrastructures that cause

Meeting GHG reduction targets requires accounting for all forest sector emissions

Atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs) must be reduced to avoid an unsustainable climate. Because carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere and sequestered in forests and wood products, mitigation

Does replacing coal with wood lower CO[subscript 2] emissions? Dynamic lifecycle analysis of wood bioenergy

Bioenergy is booming as nations seek to cut their greenhouse gas emissions. The European Union declared biofuels to be carbon-neutral, triggering a surge in wood use. But do biofuels actually reduce



Forest Carbon Accounting Considerations in US Bioenergy Policy

Four research-based insights are essential to understanding forest bioenergy and “carbon debts.” (1) As long as wood-producing land remains in forest, long-lived wood products and forest bioenergy

Is woody bioenergy carbon neutral? A comparative assessment of emissions from consumption of woody bioenergy and fossil fuel

Under the current accounting systems, emissions produced when biomass is burnt for energy are accounted as zero, resulting in what is referred to as the ‘carbon neutrality’ assumption. However, if

The ‘debt’ is in the detail: A synthesis of recent temporal forest carbon analyses on woody biomass for energy

The temporal imbalance between the release and sequestration of forest carbon has raised a fundamental concern about the climate mitigation potential of forest biomass for energy. The potential

Forest bioenergy or forest carbon? Assessing trade-offs in greenhouse gas mitigation with wood-based fuels.

This work integrates life cycle assessment (LCA) and forest carbon analysis to assess total GHG emissions of forest bioenergy over time and suggests the integrated LCA/forest carbon approach be undertaken for bioenergy studies.

Biogenic vs. geologic carbon emissions and forest biomass energy production

In the current debate over the CO2 emissions implications of switching from fossil fuel energy sources to include a substantial amount of woody biomass energy, many scientists and policy makers hold

Approaches for inclusion of forest carbon cycle in life cycle assessment – a review

Forests are a significant pool of terrestrial carbon. A key feature related to forest biomass harvesting and use is the typical time difference between carbon release into and sequestration from the

Comparative Life Cycle Assessments: Carbon Neutrality and Wood Biomass Energy

Biomass energy is expected to play a major role in the substitution of renewable energy sources for fossil fuels over the next several decades. The US Energy Information Administration (EIA 2012)

Global warming potential factors and warming payback time as climate indicators of forest biomass use

A method is presented for estimating the global warming impact of forest biomass life cycles with respect to their functionally equivalent alternatives based on fossil fuels and non-renewable

Assessment of Carbon Flows Associated with Forest Management and Biomass Procurement for the Laskin Biomass Facility

The University of Minnesota is committed to the policy that all persons shall have equal access to its programs, This carbon life cycle analysis of forest-derived biomass was developed as part of a

Life cycle impacts of forest management and wood utilization on carbon mitigation: knowns and unknowns

This review on research on life cycle carbon accounting examines the complexities in accounting for carbon emissions given the many different ways that wood is used. Recent objectives to increase the