A global measure of perceived stress.

  title={A global measure of perceived stress.},
  author={Sheldon Cohen and Tom P Kamarck and Robin J. Mermelstein},
  journal={Journal of health and social behavior},
  volume={24 4},
This paper presents evidence from three samples, two of college students and one of participants in a community smoking-cessation program, for the reliability and validity of a 14-item instrument, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), designed to measure the degree to which situations in one's life are appraised as stressful. The PSS showed adequate reliability and, as predicted, was correlated with life-event scores, depressive and physical symptomatology, utilization of health services, social… 

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