A global inventory of nitric oxide emissions from soils

@article{Davidson2004AGI,
  title={A global inventory of nitric oxide emissions from soils},
  author={Eric A. Davidson and Wendy Kingerlee},
  journal={Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems},
  year={2004},
  volume={48},
  pages={37-50}
}
Over 60 published papers reporting field measurements of emissions of nitric oxide (NO) from soil are reviewed, and over 100 annual estimates of NO emissions were made for various types of ecosystems, including agricultural fields. These data were stratified by biome and the mean of each stratum was multiplied by an estimate of the biome area. A few strata were identified as clearly having low NO emissions: montane forests, swamps and marshes, tundra, and temperate forests that are not heavily… 

Modeling of nitric oxide emissions from temperate agricultural ecosystems.

Arable soils are a significant source of nitric oxide (NO), most of which is derived from nitrogen fertilizers. Precise estimates of NO emissions from these soils are thus essential to devise

Modeling of nitric oxide emissions from temperate agricultural soils

Arable soils are a significant source of nitric oxide (NO), most of which is derived from nitrogen fertilizers. Accurate estimates of NO emissions from these soils are essential to devise strategies

Regulation of Nitric Oxide Emissions From Forest and Rangeland Soils of Western North America

Nitric oxide (NO) is a relatively short-lived trace gas that reacts with oxygen in the troposphere to produce the air pollutant ozone. It also reacts with water vapor to form nitric and nitrous

OF NITRIC OXIDE EMISSIONS FROM FOREST AND RANGELAND SOILS OF WESTERN NORTH AMERICA

Nitric oxide (NO) is a relatively short-lived trace gas that reacts with oxygen in the troposphere to produce the air pollutant ozone. It also reacts with water vapor to form nitric and nitrous

Soil nitric oxide emissions from terrestrial ecosystems in China: a synthesis of modeling and measurements

A novel soil NO emission inventory of terrestrial ecosystems in China was estimated, which was about 18% of anthropogenic emissions, and more field measurements should be conducted to cover more biomes and obtain more representative data in order to well constrain soil NO emissions of China.

Soil biogenic emissions of nitric oxide from a semi-arid savanna in South Africa

Abstract. Soils of arid and semi-arid ecosystems are important biogenic sources of atmospheric nitric oxide (NO), however, there is still a shortage of measurements from these systems. Here we

Regional Estimate of Nitric Oxide Emissions Following Woody Encroachment: Linking Imaging Spectroscopy and Field Studies

Woody encroachment, a spatially explicit process of land-cover change, is known to affect the biophysical and biogeochemical properties of ecosystems. However, little information is available on the

Measurements of nitric oxide and ammonia soil fluxes from a wet savanna ecosystem site in West Africa during the DACCIWA field campaign

Abstract. Biogenic fluxes from soil at a local and regional scale are crucial to study air pollution and climate. Here we present field measurements of soil fluxes of nitric oxide (NO) and ammonia

A synthesis of nitric oxide emissions across global fertilized croplands from crop‐specific emission factors

Nitrogen (N) fertilizer application to agricultural soils results in substantial emissions of nitric oxide (NO), a key substance in tropospheric chemistry involved in climate forcing and air
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References

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Soil emissions of NO were measured at the Chamela Biological Station, Mexico, using soil covers and a field apparatus for NO detection based on CrO3 conversion of NO to NO2 and detection of NO2 by

Soil Emissions of Nitric Oxide and Nitrous Oxide from No-till Corn

Fertilized agricultural soils can be a significant source of emissions of NO and N 2 O into the atmosphere. This study was conducted to determine the influence of N rate on the emissions of these

NOx And N2O Emissions From Soil

Emission Of NOx (principally NO) and N2O from soils is reviewed with particular emphasis placed on the atmospheric and ecological implications of this source. The photochemistry of these species in

Simultaneous field measurements of biogenic emissions of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide

Seasonal and diurnal emissions of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide (N2O) from agricultural sites in Virginia and Colorado were simultaneously determined as a function of soil temperature, percent

Measurement of soil NO x emissions in central Pennsylvania

Soil emissions of NO and NO2 were measured at forest and agricultural sites in Pennsylvania. The strong dependence of NO emissions on soil temperature observed in earlier studies was also found in

Field measurements of emission of nitric oxide from fertilized and unfertilized forest soils in Sweden

Application of nitrate fertilizers on two types of forest soils led to a marked increase in the NO emission rate indicating a large potential for NO production in these soils. The largest fluxes on

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The flux of NO between arable land and atmosphere has been measured with a chamber technique. The net flux from the soil to the atmosphere varied from less than 0.1 up to 62 ng NO-N m -2 s -1 for a

Biogenic soil emissions of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide (N2O) from savannas in South Africa: The impact of wetting and burning

In this paper we report on the first measurements of microbial soil emissions of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide (N2O) from the savannas in South Africa. In addition to natural, unperturbed

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At sites in the Atlantic Lowlands of Costa Rica, clearing and burning of a secondary tropical rain forest caused a significant increase in soil nitric oxide (NO) emissions. Soil-atmosphere NO fluxes

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Humid subtropical grasslands represent an important fraction of the Earth’s savannas that are believed to be the largest contributor to the global soil source of NO x . They may also serve as a model
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