A global index representing the stability of malaria transmission.

@article{Kiszewski2004AGI,
  title={A global index representing the stability of malaria transmission.},
  author={Anthony E. Kiszewski and Andrew D. Mellinger and Andrew Spielman and Pia Malaney and Sonia Ehrlich Sachs and Jeffrey D. Sachs},
  journal={The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene},
  year={2004},
  volume={70 5},
  pages={
          486-98
        }
}
Key MethodTo relate stability of malaria transmission to biologic characteristics of vector mosquitoes throughout the world, we derived an index representing the contribution of regionally dominant vector mosquitoes to the force of transmission. This construct incorporated published estimates describing the proportion of blood meals taken from human hosts, daily survival of the vector, and duration of the transmission season and of extrinsic incubation.

Figures and Tables from this paper

Modelling the global constraints of temperature on transmission of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax
TLDR
A dynamic biological model that incorporated the principal mechanisms of temperature dependency in the malaria transmission cycle is defined and used with fine spatial and temporal resolution temperature data to evaluate time-series of temperature suitability for transmission of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax.
Re-Emergence of Malaria and Dengue in Europe
Currently, the emergence/reemergence of several vector-borne diseases in Europe is one of the most important threats for Public Health. In recent years, it is well known that global change have led
Mapping the global extent of malaria in 2005.
The Limits and Intensity of Plasmodium falciparum Transmission: Implications for Malaria Control and Elimination Worldwide
TLDR
This paper aims to define the global geographic distribution of P. falciparum malaria in 2007 and to provide a preliminary description of its transmission intensity within this range, and to release the most contemporary summary of the population at risk of P.'s falcips malaria within these limits.
Warmer temperatures reduce the vectorial capacity of malaria mosquitoes
TLDR
It is shown that vector competence (the maximum proportion of infectious mosquitoes, which implicitly includes parasite survival across the incubation period) tails off at higher temperatures, even though parasite development rate increases.
The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
TLDR
The distribution maps and bionomics review should both be considered as a starting point in an ongoing process of describing the distributions of these DVS (since the opportunistic sample of occurrence data assembled can be substantially improved) and documenting their contemporary bIONomics (since intervention and control pressures can act to modify behavioural traits).
Defining the global spatial limits of malaria transmission in 2005.
The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria
TLDR
It is estimated that there were 515 (range 300–660) million episodes of clinical P. falciparum malaria in 2002, up to 50% higher than those reported by the World Health Organization and 200% higher for areas outside Africa, reflecting the WHO's reliance upon passive national reporting for these countries.
The global public health significance of Plasmodium vivax.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 362 REFERENCES
Malaria vectorial capacity of a population of Anopheles gambiae: an exercise in epidemiological entomology.
TLDR
The analysis showed that the spraying of an area with DDT reduced the malaria vectorial capacity of Anopheles gambiae sp.
A Continental Risk Map for Malaria Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) Vectors in Europe
TLDR
Models constructed to test whether the current distribution of the five former European malaria vectors can be explained by environmental parameters, including climate are equally useful for estimating the risk of reemergence in other nonendemic areas such as the United States and Australia, as well as changes to risk within endemic areas.
To explore the principal vector of malaria by using vectorial capacity
TLDR
Reviewing the monthly distribution of the A. sinensis as vectorial capacity, this species showed a positive correlation with malaria incidence rate and was regarded as the principal vector in that area.
Short report: entomologic inoculation rates and Plasmodium falciparum malaria prevalence in Africa.
TLDR
It is shown convincingly that substantial reductions in malaria prevalence are likely to be achieved only when EIRs are reduced to levels less than 1 infective bite per person per year, and highlights that the EIR is a more direct measure of transmission intensity than traditional measures of malaria prevalence or hospital-based measures of infection or disease incidence.
THE HUMAN BLOOD INDEX OF MALARIA VECTORS IN RELATION TO EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT.
TLDR
It appears that DDT exerts a moderate, and dieldrin a more pronounced, impact on the human blood index of Anopheles gambiae and A. funestus; such an effect, indeed, may be general in house-visiting anophelines.
[To explore the principal vector of malaria by using vectorial capacity].
  • K. S. Zheng
  • Education
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
  • 1989
TLDR
This paper reported the vectorial capacity of various anopheles in a tertian malaria infectious area for the period of 1980-1982 and the A. sinensis became the highest and was regarded as the principal vector in that area.
Ecologic observations on anopheline vectors of malaria in the Brazilian Amazon.
TLDR
The timing of feeding activities was found to vary in areas altered by human intervention and also depended on the time of the year and climatic conditions, which should help in designing appropriate malaria control measures.
Epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum in a rice field and a savanna area in Burkina Faso: seasonal fluctuations of gametocytaemia and malarial infectivity.
TLDR
The authors have defined the real gametocyte reservoir in the native population, followed the fluctuations of gametocytaemia throughout the transmission period, and measured the infectiousness of malarious individuals to mosquitoes.
Review of the ecology of malaria vectors in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region.
  • A. Zahar
  • Medicine
    Bulletin of the World Health Organization
  • 1974
TLDR
An attempt is made to evaluate the control measures undertaken so far, and to provide data on the sensitivity to insecticides, behaviour, and mortality of vector populations.
Urban malaria vector biology.
  • A. K. Hati
  • Environmental Science
    The Indian journal of medical research
  • 1997
TLDR
Determination of density of the vector using various parameters and their relation to malaria endemicity in an urban situation have been reviewed and information, education and communication (IEC) are to be stressed.
...
...