A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia

@article{Malaspinas2016AGH,
  title={A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia},
  author={Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas and Michael C. Westaway and Craig Muller and Vitor C. Sousa and Oscar Lao and Isabel Alves and Anders Bergstr{\"o}m and Georgios Athanasiadis and Jade Yu Cheng and Jacob E. Crawford and Tim H. Heupink and Enrico Macholdt and Stephan Peischl and Simon Rasmussen and Stephan Schiffels and Sankar Subramanian and Joanne L. Wright and Anders Albrechtsen and Chiara Barbieri and Isabelle Dupanloup and Anders Eriksson and Ashot Margaryan and Ida Moltke and Irina Pugach and Thorfinn Sand Korneliussen and Ivan P. Levkivskyi and Jos{\'e} V{\'i}ctor Moreno-Mayar and Shengyu Ni and Fernando Racimo and Martin Sikora and Yali Xue and Farhang A. Aghakhanian and Nicolas Brucato and S{\o}ren Brunak and Paula F. Campos and Warren Clark and Sturla Ellingv{\aa}g and Gudju Gudju Fourmile and Pascale Gerbault and Darren Injie and George Koki and Matthew Leavesley and Betty Logan and Aubrey Lynch and Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith and Peter J. McAllister and Alexander J. Mentzer and Mait Metspalu and Andrea Bamberg Migliano and Les Murgha and Maude E. Phipps and William S. Pomat and Doc Reynolds and François-Xavier Ricaut and Peter Siba and Mark George Thomas and Thomas Wales and Colleen Ma'run Wall and Stephen J. Oppenheimer and Chris Tyler-Smith and Richard Durbin and Joe Dortch and Andrea Manica and Mikkel Heide Schierup and Robert A. Foley and Marta Miraz{\'o}n Lahr and Claire Bowern and Jeff Wall and Thomas Mailund and Mark Stoneking and Rasmus Nielsen and Manjinder S. Sandhu and Laurent Excoffier and David M. Lambert and Eske Willerslev},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2016},
  volume={538},
  pages={207-214}
}
The population history of Aboriginal Australians remains largely uncharacterized. Here we generate high-coverage genomes for 83 Aboriginal Australians (speakers of Pama–Nyungan languages) and 25 Papuans from the New Guinea Highlands. We find that Papuan and Aboriginal Australian ancestors diversified 25–40 thousand years ago (kya), suggesting pre-Holocene population structure in the ancient continent of Sahul (Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania). However, all of the studied Aboriginal… 
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The results presented here provide detailed insights into the population history of Sahul, and suggest that its history can serve as an independent source of evidence for understanding human evolutionary trajectories, including the relationships between genetics, lifestyle, languages and culture.
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