A genocide that never was: explaining the myth of anti-Chinese massacres in Indonesia, 1965–66

@article{Cribb2009AGT,
  title={A genocide that never was: explaining the myth of anti-Chinese massacres in Indonesia, 1965–66},
  author={R. Cribb and C. Coppel},
  journal={Journal of Genocide Research},
  year={2009},
  volume={11},
  pages={447 - 465}
}
Many publications refer incorrectly to extensive massacres of Chinese in Indonesia in 1965–66. Approximately half a million people were killed in this period, but the victims were overwhelmingly members and associates of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). Chinese Indonesians experienced serious harassment but relatively few were killed. The persistence of this myth is attributed to a trope dating back to the seventeenth century which equates the social position of Chinese in Indonesia with… Expand
Indonesia’s mass killings of 1965–1966: retrospective and requiem
Joshua Oppenheimer, who brought international attention to the massacre of up to a million Indonesians in the mid-1960s through his films The Act of Killing (2012) and The Look of Silence (2014),Expand
The Indonesian Coup and Mass Killings, 1965-1967: A Reconceptualization of the Infuence of the Cold War
This article explores how the local situation – politically, economically and socially – contributed to the occurrence in Indonesia of two crucial and interlinked Cold War events, the Indonesian coupExpand
Why Not Genocide? Anti-Chinese Violence in Aceh, 1965–1966
This article provides an account of anti-Chinese violence in Aceh between 1 October 1965 and 17 August 1966. Drawing upon original oral history evidence and previously unknown documentary sources,Expand
Indonesian Chinese in the Netherlands and the legacies of violence in colonial and post-colonial Indonesia
After Indonesian independence in 1945, thousands of Indonesian Chinese repatriated to the Netherlands, the former colonizer. As opposed to other repatriates from Indonesia, who organized themselvesExpand
Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965–1966 to the 1974–1999 Genocide in East Timor
The failure of the international community to act on the legal and moral imperative to stop, punish, and prevent genocide and other mass killings has led to the establishment of genocidal regimesExpand
Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965–1966 to the 1974–1999 Genocide in East Timor
The failure of the international community to act on the legal and moral imperative to stop, punish, and prevent genocide and other mass killings has led to the establishment of genocidal regimesExpand
Rethinking the Position of Ethnic Chinese Indonesians
This article examines the position of ethnic Chinese Indonesians from the pre-colonial period to the post-Suharto era, and factors that were at play. Chinese Indonesians experienced variousExpand
Silent strategies: the legacy of sexual violence among Chinese Indonesians
1. In March 1997, Indonesia's authoritarian President Suharto was re-elected for a seventh five-year term. Suharto's re-election occurred just as the Asian economic crisis was reaching its peak. InExpand
Anti-Chinese violence in Java during the Indonesian Revolution, 1945–49
During the Indonesian struggle against the Dutch, from 1945–49, the Chinese minority, accused of collaborating with Dutch colonialism, suffered continual violence, even following the chaotic periodExpand
Concentration Camp or Freedom Zone?: Narrative Histories of mid-20 th Century Chinese Refugees in Indonesia
The decolonization of Indonesia during the period of 1945-1966 had profound impact on its local Chinese community. It was during this time that the trans-border social geography of overseasExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 81 REFERENCES
The Legacy of Violence in Indonesia
In a journal whose primary focus has consistently been on the hic et nunc, on explaining contemporary sociopolitical realities, it may strike our readers as a bit bizarre to devote so much ink andExpand
Unresolved problems in the Indonesian killings of 1965-1966
More than a generation separates today’s Indonesians from the world in which the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) was exterminated. Nonetheless, during the last days of President Suharto’s slow fallExpand
Where Communism never dies
Indonesia’s militarist New Order, the last and longest-lasting Cold War capitalist authoritarianism, came to power in 1965 immediately after one of the bloodiest massacres in modern history. VigorousExpand
Toward Empirical Theory of Genocides and Politicides: Identification and Measurement of Cases since 1945
This paper reports on a global survey of cases of massive state repression since World War II. The universe of analysis includes sustained episodes in which the state or its agents impose on aExpand
Shanghai's "Dogs and Chinese Not admitted" sign
This article examines the potency and persistence of myth and language in the context of the dispute, now over 80 years old, about the officially-sanctioned wording of regulations in the municipalExpand
The Politics of Uniqueness: Reflections on the Recent Polemical Turn in Holocaust and Genocide Scholarship
This article examines the debate over the uniqueness of the Holocaust as it has recently unfolded in the United States. It concentrates on two antagonistic camps: scholars such as Steven Katz,Expand
A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
Why did the twentieth century witness unprecedented organized genocide? Can we learn why genocide is perpetrated by comparing different cases of genocide? Is the Holocaust unique, or does it shareExpand
Modern Indonesia: A History Since 1945
Glossary Editorial Foreword Preface 1. The Origins of Modern Indonesia 2. Independence Undedefined 3. Towards a Unitary Indonesia 4. Party Dominance, 1950 - 55 5. Burying the Party System, 1955 - 59Expand
A Theory of Middleman Minorities
Investigates the "middleman minorities," a term coined by Blalock. Included in this classification are Jews in Europe, the Chinese in Southeast Asia, and Greeks in the United States. Previous worksExpand
Pogroms: anti-jewish violence in modern russian history
Part I. General Introduction: 1. Russian Jewry on the eve of the pogroms John D. Klier 2. The pogrom paradigm in Russian history John D. Klier Part II. The Pogroms of 1881-1884: 3. The anti-JewishExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...