A genetically distinct lion (Panthera leo) population from Ethiopia

  title={A genetically distinct lion (Panthera leo) population from Ethiopia},
  author={Susann Bruche and Markus Gusset and Sebastian Lippold and Ross Barnett and Klaus Eulenberger and J{\"o}rg Junhold and Carlos A. Driscoll and Michael Hofreiter},
  journal={European Journal of Wildlife Research},
Lion (Panthera leo) numbers are in serious decline and two of only a handful of evolutionary significant units have already become extinct in the wild. However, there is continued debate about the genetic distinctiveness of different lion populations, a discussion delaying the initiation of conservation actions for endangered populations. Some lions from Ethiopia are phenotypically distinct from other extant lions in that the males possess an extensive dark mane. In this study, we investigated… 

Genetic diversity in the Lion (Panthera leo (Linnaeus 1758): Unravelling the Past and Prospects

Phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA data, microsatellites and autosomal SNPs from lion populations throughout their complete geographic range show congruent patterns in which the Asiatic subspecies has a nested position within the West/Central African lion.

Evaluation of microsatellite markers for populations studies and forensic identification of African lions (Panthera leo).

28 microsatellites in the African lion were evaluated using samples from 18 small reserves and 1 captive facility in South Africa, two conservancies in Zimbabwe, and Kruger National and Kgalagadi Transfrontier Parks to determine the loci most suited for population management and forensic genetic applications.

The evolutionary history of extinct and living lions

It is found that cave and modern lions shared an ancestor ca.

The Challenges and Relevance of Exploring the Genetics of North Africa's “Barbary Lion” and the Conservation of Putative Descendants in Captivity

  • S. Black
  • Environmental Science
    International journal of evolutionary biology
  • 2016
A review of the evolutionary relevance of North African lions highlights the important challenges and opportunities in understanding relationships between Moroccan lions, extinct North Africa lions, and extant lion populations in India and West and Central Africa and the potential role for lions in ecosystem recovery in those regions.

Autosomal and mtDNA Markers Affirm the Distinctiveness of Lions in West and Central Africa

It is suggested that a taxonomic revision of the lion is warranted, given this genetic distinction and the recent declines of lion numbers in this region, and there are no indications that genetic diversity in West/Central Africa lions is lower than in either East or Southern Africa.

The Decline in the Lion Population in Africa and Possible Mitigation Measures

The African lion Panthera leo is under threat. Over the last century the lion has lost about 82 % of its former distribution range, and recent estimates suggest that there are 23,000–38,000

Phylogeographic Patterns in Africa and High Resolution Delineation of Genetic Clades in the Lion (Panthera leo)

This study introduces the lion as a model for African phylogeography and supports the revision of current lion taxonomy, as recognition of a northern and a southern subspecies is more parsimonious with the evolutionary history of the lion.

Long live the king: chromosome-level assembly of the lion (Panthera leo) using linked-read, Hi-C, and long read data

Demographic analyses reveal similar histories across all individuals except the Asiatic lion, which shows a more rapid decline in population size, and variability in the length and levels of homozygosity across the genomes of the lion sequenced here and other previous published resequence data.

Long live the king: chromosome-level assembly of the lion (Panthera leo) using linked-read, Hi-C, and long-read data

A chromosome-level assembly from a captive African lion from the Exotic Feline Rescue Center is presented as a resource for current and subsequent genetic work of the sole social species of the Panthera clade, demonstrating that the choice of reference genome is important when comparing heterozygosity estimates across species.

Autosomal and mtDNA markers reveal concordant phylogeneti c patt erns of lion populati ons over the enti re geographic range

Analysis of 20 microsatellites and 1,454 bp of the mitochondrial DNA in 16 lion populati ons representi ng the enti re geographic range of the species found congruence in both types of markers, which suggests that a taxonomic revision of the lion is warranted.



The Evolutionary Dynamics of the Lion Panthera leo Revealed by Host and Viral Population Genomics

Lion and FIVPle variation affirms that the large, well-studied lion population occupying the greater Serengeti Ecosystem is derived from three distinct populations that admixed recently.

Lost populations and preserving genetic diversity in the lion Panthera leo: Implications for its ex situ conservation

Based on sequences of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (HVR1) extracted from museum specimens of four Barbary and one Cape lion, the former was probably a distinct population characterized by an invariable, unique mtDNA haplotype, whilst the latter was likely a part of the extant southern African lion population.

Maintaining the genetic health of putative Barbary lions in captivity: an analysis of Moroccan Royal Lions

The status of the descendent population within zoos in Morocco and Europe is outlined, including all known pure-bred descendents from the Royal Palace collection, and founder representation is shown to be greater across European collections than the Moroccan collection.

Urgent call for further breeding of the relic zoo population of the critically endangered Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo Linnaeus 1758)

Molecular dating of the extant sub-Saharan and Asian lion groups shows that the split between North African Barbary lions and Asian lions must be considerably more recent than 74–203 kilo years ago.

The origin, current diversity and future conservation of the modern lion (Panthera leo)

The results suggest that the modern lion may currently consist of three geographic populations on the basis of their recent evolutionary history: North African–Asian, southern African and middle African.

Genetic Restoration of the Florida Panther

It is shown that panther numbers increased threefold, genetic heterozygosity doubled, survival and fitness measures improved, and inbreeding correlates declined significantly, although these results are encouraging, continued habitat loss, persistent inbreeding, infectious agents, and possible habitat saturation pose new dilemmas.

In situ population structure and ex situ representation of the endangered Amur tiger

The results indicate the need to secure ecological connectivity between the two Russian populations to minimize loss of genetic diversity and overall susceptibility to stochastic events, and support a previous study suggesting that the captive population may be a reservoir of gene variants lost in situ.

Molecular genetic variation across the southern and eastern geographic ranges of the African lion, Panthera leo

The modest genetic variation documented here argues against taxonomic distinctions among living African lions.

Phenotypic and reproductive characteristics of lions (Panthera leo) at Addis Ababa Zoo

  • M. Tefera
  • Medicine
    Biodiversity & Conservation
  • 2004
The causes of adult mortality appear to be senility, enteritis and pneumonia, while cub mortality is primarily due to maternal rejection, and there is also a 100% prevalence rate of Toxocara cati.

A genetic linkage map of microsatellites in the domestic cat (Felis catus).

A genetic linkage map of microsatellite loci in the feline genome has been constructed including 246 autosomal and 7 X-linked loci, which provides a valuable resource for mapping phenotypic variation in the species and relating it to gene maps of other mammals, including human.