A genetic investigation of the essential role of glutathione: mutations in the proline biosynthesis pathway are the only suppressors of glutathione auxotrophy in yeast.

In an attempt to elucidate the essential function of glutathione in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we searched for suppressors of the GSH auxotrophy of Deltagsh1, a strain lacking the rate-limiting enzyme of glutathione biosynthesis. We found that specific mutations of PRO2, the second enzyme in proline biosynthesis, permitted the growth of Deltagsh1 in the… (More)