A gap in Nisbett and Wilson’s findings? A first-person access to our cognitive processes

@article{Petitmengin2013AGI,
  title={A gap in Nisbett and Wilson’s findings? A first-person access to our cognitive processes},
  author={Claire Peugeot Petitmengin and Anne Remillieux and B{\'e}atrice Cahour and Shirley Carter-Thomas},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={2013},
  volume={22},
  pages={654-669}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Introspective access to implicit shifts of attention
Interactively guided introspection is getting science closer to an effective consciousness meter
  • T. Froese
  • Psychology
    Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2013
Introspection of complex cognitive processes
TLDR
The present thesis presents a first systematic account of the functional architecture of introspective report, indicating that individuals with high reactivity to stress have a poorer introspective access of their mental states.
First-person dimensions of mental agency in visual counting of moving objects
TLDR
A multi-layered, consciousness-immanent model of counting is presented, which integrates the various counting principles and concretizes mental agency as developing from pre-reflective to increasingly conscious mental activity.
First-Person Experiments in Thinking
In psychology, thinking is typically studied in terms of a range of behavioral or physiological parameters, focusing, for instance, on the mental contents or the neuronal correlates of the thinking
Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic
Sampling Participants’ Experience in Laboratory Experiments: Complementary Challenges for More Complete Data Collection
TLDR
It is argued that interrogating the validity of the mean involves a better understanding of the person's experiences, the meaning of their actions, at the time that the behavior of interest is carried out, and a novel, mid-range sampling technique, that extends Hurlburt’s descriptive experience sampling, and adapts it for the controlled setting of the laboratory.
People confabulate with high confidence when their decisions are supported by weak internal variables
TLDR
Using a brain–computer interface, it is shown that internal variables continue to be monitored but are less impactful than deceptive external cues during CB episodes, and that deceptive cues overturn the classical relationship between confidence and accuracy.
Implications for Experimental Psychology Today
In the early 20th century, scholars of the so-called Würzburg School departed from the conventional approach of psychological enquiry and developed a unique type of introspection that uncovered
Manipulation Detection and Preference Alterations in a Choice Blindness Paradigm
TLDR
Preference alterations were altered in the direction that subjects were led to believe they selected, and clear short-term modulation of preferences in both manipulated and non-manipulated explanation trials compared to choice-only trials (with opposite directions of effect).
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 132 REFERENCES
Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.
Evidence is reviewed which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Subjects are sometimes (a) unaware of the existence of a stimulus
Validating and Calibrating First- and Second-person Methods in the Science of Consciousness
TLDR
Only with increasingly refined verbal reports about what it is like to be conscious can the authors hope to better understand the detailed data that neuroscience is providing about the complex brain mechanisms underlying lived experience and delimit the phenomenological facts that a theory of consciousness must take into account.
A Self-Standards Model of Cognitive Dissonance
Abstract This article presents a new model for understanding the role of the self in cognitive dissonance processes. We focus on the controversies among three major theories of how cognitions about
The Validity of First-Person Descriptions as Authenticity and Coherence
In this paper we list the various criticisms that have been formulated against introspection, from Auguste Comte denying that consciousness can observe itself, to recent criticisms of the reliability
On Becoming Aware: A pragmatics of experiencing
This book searches for the sources and means for a disciplined practical approach to exploring human experience. The spirit of this book is pragmatic and relies on a Husserlian phenomenology
Failure to Detect Mismatches Between Intention and Outcome in a Simple Decision Task
TLDR
This work investigated the relation between intention, choice, and introspection, and found that participants failed to notice conspicuous mismatches between their intended choice and the outcome they were presented with, while nevertheless offering introspectively derived reasons for why they chose the way they did.
The View From Within: First-Person Approaches to the Study of Consciousness
the view from within first person approaches to study of consciousness studies are a good way to achieve details about operating certainproducts. Many products that you buy can be obtained using
Describing the Practice of Introspection
The main objective of this article is to capitalise on many years of research, and of practice, relating to the use of introspection in a research context, and thus to provide an initial outline
No unchallengeable epistemic authority, of any sort, regarding our own conscious experience – Contra Dennett?
Dennett argues that we can be mistaken about our own conscious experience. Despite this, he repeatedly asserts that we can or do have unchallengeable authority of some sort in our reports about that
...
1
2
3
4
5
...