A ganglionic model of "learned helplessness".

  title={A ganglionic model of "learned helplessness".},
  author={Eli Michael Eisenstein and Albert D. Carlson and James Harris},
  journal={Integrative physiological and behavioral science : the official journal of the Pavlovian Society},
  volume={32 3},
The phenomenon known as "learned helplessness" (LH) is seen broadly across the animal kingdom. Some of the basic characteristics of this behavior are: failure to escape shock when it is possible to do so following non-escapable shock; reversion to non-escape behavior even after successful escape; if the animal is given escape/avoidance training prior to being given inescapable shocks, the latter will not interfere with its ability to later show normal escape/avoidance behavior (generally… CONTINUE READING