A fuzzy approach to visibility maps creation over digital terrains

Abstract

The construction of inter-visibility models for a terrain is an important tool for environmental and animal studies. E-cient crisp algorithms are known to address this problem directly on a raster digital elevation map (DEM) of the study area. Randomness plays an important role: several factors like vegetation, height of the observer, presence of unmapped human artifacts, etc. cannot be modeled in advance into a traditional DEM model. We propose the use of fuzzy terrain models to incorporate uncertainty and unpredictable variability of the landscape. Accordingly, we propose a suitable de3nition of visibility to obtain inter-visibility models. An algorithm that uses approximation of fuzzy numbers with a discrete family of intervals is proposed. The proposed model produces sound results and can be extended to model complex situations like triangulating a radio source using two directional receivers. All of these situations are di-cult to manage with a precise stochastic model and are a frequent occurrence in animal behavior studies under 3eld conditions. The proposed techniques have been implemented inside a user-friendly software package that may easily exchange data with the most common GISs. We report also some experimental results obtained using over arti3cial terrain under controlled noise and under-sampling conditions. c © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0114(02)00250-6

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Cite this paper

@article{Anile2003AFA, title={A fuzzy approach to visibility maps creation over digital terrains}, author={Marcello A. Anile and Primo Furno and Giovanni Gallo and Alessandro Massolo}, journal={Fuzzy Sets and Systems}, year={2003}, volume={135}, pages={63-80} }