A fresh view on the control of the annual plant Senecio vulgaris

@article{Frantzen1997AFV,
  title={A fresh view on the control of the annual plant Senecio vulgaris},
  author={Jos Frantzen and Paul E. Hatcher},
  journal={Integrated Pest Management Reviews},
  year={1997},
  volume={2},
  pages={77-85}
}
The life historyof the annual weed Senecio vulgaris is described, as are theeffects of pathogens and insects on the plant. Using this basicknowledge, the use of the rust fungus Puccinia lagenophorae andthe moth Tyria jacobaeae for control of S. vulgaris following thesystem management approach is discussed. The successfulapplication of the system management approach of biological weedcontrol requires a thorough knowledge of the interactions ofplant--natural enemies--environment--man. The… Expand
Biological control of Senecio vulgaris in carrots (Daucus carota) with the rust fungus Puccinia lagenophorae
TLDR
The effects of induced rust epidemics on Senecio vulgaris are encouraging, even with artificially high weed competition, but further research is needed before this paradigm can be proposed for practical applications. Expand
Population dynamics of the annual plant Senecio vulgaris in ruderal and agricultural habitats
TLDR
Manipulating the dynamics of the host over winter may enhance rust epidemics in spring serving as biological control of S. vulgaris with the rust. Expand
Epidemic Spread of the Rust Fungus Puccinia lagenophorae and its Impact on the Competitive Ability of Senecio vulgaris in Celeriac During Early Development
TLDR
The ' system management approach' of biological weed control was applied in a small-scale field experiment with celeriac, intersown with an inbred line of the annual weed Senecio vulgaris L, andoculation with the rust fungus strongly reduced crop losses due to competition with S. vulgaris. Expand
Wintering of the biotrophic fungus Puccinia lagenophorae within the annual plant Senecio vulgaris: implications for biological weed control
TLDR
The results of the study suggest that no inoculum sources, or only a few weak ones, are present in vulgaris populations in spring, and research on biological weed control should focus on increasing the negative impact of P. lagenophorae on S. vulgarIS populations while augmenting the probability of survival of the rust over winter to start new epidemics in spring. Expand
Biocontrol Ability of Puccinia abrupta var. partheniicola on Different Growth Stages of Parthenium Weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.)
TLDR
A higher reduction in plant above ground biomass was recorded when the plants were inoculated at the rosette growth stage of development in the presence of competition and the impact of the rust was greatest on the ability of parthenium to produce seeds. Expand
Integration of biological control of common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) and chemical control
TLDR
It is concluded that use of P. lagenophorae epidemics for common groundsel control is complementary to application of formulated pendimethalin against other weeds. Expand
Disease epidemics and plant competition: control of Senecio vulgaris with Puccinia lagenophorae
TLDR
Insight is yielded into the impact of a disease epidemic on the competitive balance between two plant species and the results can be used to validate calculations about the number and spatial distribution of inoculum sources of P. lagenophorae required to control a S. vulgaris population. Expand
Interactions between a leafhopper and rust fungus on the invasive plant Asparagus asparagoides in Australia: a case of two agents being better than one for biological control.
TLDR
Examination of the individual and combined effects of the rust fungus Puccinia myrsiphylli (Thuem.) Wint and an undescribed leafhopper in Australia provides additional evidence of the potential gains to be made from deploying multiple biological control agents where they can partition the target resources in space and/or time. Expand
Infection process and resistance in the weed pathosystem Senecio vulgaris - Puccinia lagenophorae and implications for biological control
TLDR
Germinating aeciospores of P. lagenophorae showed all the characteristics of the monokaryotic parasitic stage of rust infection with direct penetration and monokARYotic haustoria formation. Expand
Biological control of weeds by means of plant pathogens: Significance for integrated weed management in modern agro-ecology
TLDR
Biocontrol with plant pathogens has been proven a feasible, albeit minor, component of modern integrated weed-management systems and should be promoted and exploited further to meet the current and future challenges in weed management in agro-ecosystems. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
The Effects of Puccinia Lagenophorae on Senecio Vulgaris in Competition With Euphorbia Peplus
The study reported here investigates the effect of P. lagenophorae on competition betwen S. vulgaris and Euphorbia peplus L. (petty spurge), an annual weed which often occurs with S. vulgaris onExpand
Combining the cinnabar moth (Tyria jacobaeae) and the ragwort flea beetle (Longitarsus jacobaeae) for control of ragwort (Senecio jacobaea): an experimental analysis.
TLDR
Two insect herbivores feed on different stages of the host-plant and at different times of the year and were introduced to North America as biological control agents and found to reduce vegetative ragwort densities and flower production. Expand
The Ecology of the Cinnabar Moth, Tyria jacobaeae L. (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)
TLDR
Study of the cinnabar moth and its food plant, ragwort, suggest a remarkable degree of co-evolution of the two species, and the activities of the moth appear to have been an important selective force in the evolution of the plant. Expand
Factors involved in the dormancy and germination of Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. And Senecio Vulgaris L
TLDR
A laboratory investigation into the dormancy and germination behaviour of the two species in relation to some of the major factors which are likely to affect seed germination in the soil. Expand
Studies on tolerance in wild plants: effects of Erysiphe fischeri on the growth and development of Senecio vulgaris
TLDR
Investigation of the tolerance of a wild plant to a parasite using the Senecio vulgaris / Erysiphe fischeri system finds that S. vulgaris appears to possess a significant level of tolerance to E. f Fischeri, and infection does not appear to disrupt the translocatory system of the host. Expand
Invasion of rust (Puccinia lagenophorae) aecia on groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) by secondary pathogens: death of the host
Inoculation of groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) bearing aecia of the rust Puccinia lagenophorae with isolates of a range of other fungi isolated from naturally occurring rust lesions induced rapidlyExpand
Ecological mechanisms underlying successful biological weed control: field experiments with ragwort Senecio jacobaea.
TLDR
It is shown that these herbivores depressed ragwort density to very low levels in experimental plots, reducing the density of vegetative plants and the number of capitula (flower heads) on generative plants by 93% compared to experimental populations protected from herbivore. Expand
An emerging system management approach for biological weed control in crops: Senecio vulgaris as a research model
TLDR
Main emphasis is given to the infection window, the study of the genetic structure of the plant and pathogen population, and the management of the infection conditions to maximize the spread of the disease and the impact on the plants, and to minimize the development of resistant plant populations. Expand
The impact of a pathogen (Puccinia lagenophorae) on populations of groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) overwintering in the field. I: Mortality, vegetative growth and the development of size hierarchies
TLDR
Small, rust-infected plants were severely injured by the conditions early in winter, which did not harm control plants of comparable size, and frequency distributions of shoot dry weight and leaf area became significantly positively skewed following winter injury. Expand
THE IMPACT OF A PATHOGEN (PUCCINIA LAGENOPHORAE) ON POPULATIONS OF GROUNDSEL (SENECIO VULGARIS) OVERWINTERING IN THE FIELD II. REPRODUCTION
TLDR
In contrast, vegetative growth in inoculated populations continued and all measures of reproduction were far greater in the class of highest status than in any other, and there was a seven-fold increase in the contribution of this class to floret production relative to its frequency in the original population. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...