A framework for the systematic study of election quality

@article{Elklit2005AFF,
  title={A framework for the systematic study of election quality},
  author={J⊘rgen Elklit and Andrew Reynolds},
  journal={Democratization},
  year={2005},
  volume={12},
  pages={147 - 162}
}
This article offers the beginnings of a methodology for assessing the quality of a national election, its freeness, fairness and administrative efficacy. The historical lack of a comprehensive framework of analysis has compelled election observers to make pronouncements on the basis of incomplete evidence, usually gathered on the day of the vote and count. It has allowed international observation missions to ‘call’ the results of elections on the basis of political expediency rather than the… 
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