A framework for the design of ambulance sirens

@article{Catchpole2007AFF,
  title={A framework for the design of ambulance sirens},
  author={K. Catchpole and D. McKeown},
  journal={Ergonomics},
  year={2007},
  volume={50},
  pages={1287 - 1301}
}
Ambulance sirens are essential for assisting the safe and rapid arrival of an ambulance at the scene of an emergency. In this study, the parameters upon which sirens may be designed were examined and a framework for emergency vehicle siren design was proposed. Validity for the framework was supported through acoustic measurements and the evaluation of ambulance transit times over 240 emergency runs using two different siren systems. Modifying existing siren sounds to add high frequency content… Expand
ACOUSTIC CHARACTERISTICS FOR EFFECTIVE AMBULANCE SIRENS
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