A forest monkey’s alarm call series to predator models

  title={A forest monkey’s alarm call series to predator models},
  author={Kate Arnold and Yvonne Pohlner and Klaus Zuberb{\"u}hler},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
Some non-human primates produce acoustically distinct alarm calls to different predators, such as eagles or leopards. Recipients respond to these calls as if they have seen the actual predator, which has led to the notion of functionally referential alarm calls. However, in a previous study with free-ranging putty-nosed monkeys (Cercopithecus nictitans martini), we demonstrated that callers produced two acoustically distinct alarm calls to eagle shrieks and leopard growls, but both alarm calls… 

The alarm call system of female Campbell's monkeys

Not Words but Meanings? Alarm Calling Behaviour in a Forest Guenon

The aim is to characterise the cognitive mechanisms underlying primate communication from which human language has evolved, by understanding whether the different call series might encode information at different levels, such as predator type, degree of threat or urgency, or the callers imminent behaviour.

Vervet monkeys ’ alarm calls : context specific or not ?

An acoustic analysis on a large set of calls recorded from five adult vervet monkey males found that monkeys must use additional contextual cues in order to properly infer if a caller responded to a terrestrial predator or a neighbouring group, and suggests that monkeys mentally represent predators.

Female Putty-Nosed Monkeys Use Experimentally Altered Contextual Information to Disambiguate the Cause of Male Alarm Calls

It is demonstrated that listeners appear to integrate contextual information in order to distinguish among possible causes of calls, and that pragmatic aspects of communication play a crucial role in call interpretation and place a premium on listeners' abilities to integrate information from different sources.

Impact of predator model presentation paradigms on titi monkey alarm sequences

It is shown that titi monkeys seem to recognize the vocalizations of raptors but not those of felids, and playbacks of predator vocalizations should not be used in isolation but in combination with visual model presentations, to allow fine-grained analyses of the communication system of prey species.

Responses to leopards are independent of experience in Guereza colobus monkeys

Control experiments showed that the monkeys' response pattern was not due to the effects of unfamiliarity or conspicuousness of the experimental stimuli, and natural selection appears to have endowed these primates with a cognitive capacity to recognise direct signs of leopard presence as inherently dangerous requiring specific anti-predator responses.

Anti-predator behaviour of black-fronted titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons)

The main goal of this chapter was to present a first summary description of the main calls of black-fronted titi monkeys during encounters with live and with stuffed predator species.

Anti-predator strategies of free-ranging Campbell's monkeys

It is concluded that Campbell's monkeys display sex-specific anti-predator behaviours, which are largely driven by the predators' hunting techniques, mode of predator detection and the forest habitat structure.

Female putty-nosed monkeys (Cercopithecus nictitans) vocally recruit males for predator defence

It is suggested that sexual dimorphisms in the context specificity of alarms most likely correspond to different alarm calling strategies in female and male putty-nosed monkeys.

Conserved alarm calls but rapid auditory learning in monkey responses to novel flying objects

Drone flights observed by West African green monkeys (Chlorocebus sabaeus) elicited responses distinct from those for known predators, but which were similar to their East African congenerics, suggesting such responses are conserved.



Anti-predator behavior of group-living Malagasy primates: mixed evidence for a referential alarm call system

Redfronted lemurs and white sifakas have independently evolved a mixed alarm call system, characterized by functionally referential calls for diurnal raptors, but not for carnivores.

Predator-specific alarm calls in Campbell's monkeys, Cercopithecus campbelli

Testing the alarm call hypothesis another primate, the Campbell's monkey (C. campbelli), provides further evidence that non-human primates have evolved the cognitive capacity to produce and respond to referential labels for external events.

The Predator Deterrence Function of Primate Alarm Calls

It is concluded that the high alarm call rates to leopards are part of an anti-predator strategy in primates that may have evolved to deter predators that depend on surprise.

Hornbills can distinguish between primate alarm calls

Yellow–casqued hornbills responses to playback of eagle shrieks, leopard growls, Diana monkey eagle alarm calls and Diana monkey leopard alarm calls found that they distinguished appropriately between the two predator vocalizations as well asbetween the two Diana monkey alarm calls.

Alarm calls of white-faced capuchin monkeys: an acoustic analysis

Diana monkey long-distance calls: messages for conspecifics and predators

It is concluded that, in addition to their function in perception advertisement, diana monkey long-distance calls function as within-group semantic signals that denote different types of predators.

Variable specificity in the anti-predator vocalizations and behaviour of the white-faced capuchin, Cebus capucinus

Detailed analyses of the vocalizations and behavioural responses elicited in white-faced capuchins by predators and other disturbances point to two call variants that differ modestly in their acoustic structure and that are accompanied by functionally distinct behavioural responses.

Causal cognition in a non-human primate: field playback experiments with Diana monkeys

The alarm-calling system of adult male putty-nosed monkeys, Cercopithecus nictitans martini

A syntactic rule in forest monkey communication

It is indicated that wild Diana monkeys, Cercopithecus diana, may comprehend the semantic changes caused by a combinatory rule present in the natural communication of another primate, the Campbell's monkey, C. campbelli.