A field test of the Bruce effect in the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)

@article{Mahady2002AFT,
  title={A field test of the Bruce effect in the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)},
  author={S. Mahady and Jerry O. Wolff},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2002},
  volume={52},
  pages={31-37}
}
Abstract. The Bruce effect is a widely studied reproductive phenomenon in rodents in which exposure of pregnant females to unknown males causes termination of the current pregnancy. The Bruce effect has been reported from numerous studies in the laboratory, and one field study with the promiscuous gray-tailed vole, Microtus canicaudus, failed to support it. We conducted a field study with the monogamous prairie vole, M. ochrogaster, to determine if complete replacement of the male population… 

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