A field biopsy method for fluoride determinations in human surface enamel.

Abstract

An enamel biopsy method was developed that is especially intended for use under primitive clinical conditions in field studies. Three successive enamel layers, each of 1 mum or less, were etched off the same delimited area of 3 mm2 by means of perchloric acid, using a microsampler with disposable tips. The biopsy technique was applicable to the vestibular… (More)

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