A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany

  title={A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany},
  author={Nicholas J. Conard},
  • N. Conard
  • Published 14 May 2009
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Nature
Despite well over 100 years of research and debate, the origins of art remain contentious. In recent years, abstract depictions have been documented at southern African sites dating to ∼75 kyr before present (bp), and the earliest figurative art, which is often seen as an important proxy for advanced symbolic communication, has been documented in Europe as dating to between 30 and 40 kyr bp. Here I report the discovery of a female mammoth-ivory figurine in the basal Aurignacian deposit at Hohle… 
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From Tools to Symbols: from Early Hominids to Modern Humans, edited by Francesco d'Errico & Lucinda Backwell, 2005. Johannesburg: Wits University Press; ISBN 1-86814-434-8 hardback £38.94 & US$59.95; ISBN 1-86814-411-9 paperback £26.49 & US$39.95; xxxii+574 pp., 140 figs., 33 tables
From Tools to Symbols represents an excellent synthesis of recent research on the origins of humankind, the evolution of the human brain and the emergence of modern human cultures from a number of