A fast and elitist multiobjective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II

@article{Deb2002AFA,
  title={A fast and elitist multiobjective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II},
  author={Kalyanmoy Deb and Samir Agrawal and Amrit Pratap and T. Meyarivan},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.},
  year={2002},
  volume={6},
  pages={182-197}
}
Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) that use non-dominated sorting and sharing have been criticized mainly for: (1) their O(MN/sup 3/) computational complexity (where M is the number of objectives and N is the population size); (2) their non-elitism approach; and (3) the need to specify a sharing parameter. In this paper, we suggest a non-dominated sorting-based MOEA, called NSGA-II (Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II), which alleviates all of the above three difficulties… 

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