A dynamic analysis of cooperative predator inspection in sticklebacks

  title={A dynamic analysis of cooperative predator inspection in sticklebacks},
  author={Felicity Ann Huntingford and John Lazarus and Brian D. Barrie and Sally Webb},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
Abstract Abstract. In a search for possible strategies of cooperative behaviour during predator inspection, the moment-to-moment behavioural dynamics of sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus, in this context is reported. In experiment 1 fish from three sites differing in predation risk inspected a model predator in pairs and reciprocated both cooperative moves and defections by the partner, but not on every opportunity. In sticklebacks from the two sites at which they coexisted with piscivorous… 
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  • G. Parker, M. Milinski
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    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1997
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