A discourse on semantic priming

  title={A discourse on semantic priming},
  author={Donald J. Foss},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},
  • D. J. Foss
  • Published 1 October 1982
  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
Semantic facilitation of lexical access during sentence processing.
The full pattern of results suggests that a combination of lexical items can prime a target word in the absence of priming by any of the lexicalItems individually.
Priming in Sentence Processing: Intralexical Spreading Activation, Schemas, and Situation Models
This work proposes that priming in naturalistic conditions is not caused by intralexical spreading activation or access to precompiled schemas, and shows that identity primes, but not associates or synonyms, primed target words in early measures of processing like first fixation and gaze duration.
Constraints on semantic priming in reading: A fixation time analysis
The results were interpreted as supporting a clausal processing hypothesis based on an autonomous modular view of the language processing system and consistent with direct control models of eye movements, which claim that fixation duration reflects the timing of processing related to the word currently under fixation.
Sentence context affects the brain response to masked words
Reading words in discourse: the modulation of lexical priming effects by message-level context.
Examples of the ways in which eye tracking and event-related potentials might be used to further explore priming effects in discourse are provided, which suggest the interaction of information at different levels in online language comprehension.
Robust effects of syntactic structure on visual word processing
The magnitude of the syntactic priming effect was similar in the naming and lexical decision tasks when the response times were slow, but was larger in the Lexical decision task when theresponse times were faster.
Constraints on Sentence Priming in the Cerebral Hemispheres: Effects of Intervening Words in Sentences and Lists
The results suggest that while word-level priming processes are available to both hemispheres, the left hemisphere makes greater use of message-level syntactic and semantic mechanisms for sentence comprehension.
Lexical and message-level sentence context effects on fixation times in reading.
  • R. Morris
  • Psychology, Linguistics
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1994
The results suggest that both lexical and message-level representations can influence the access of an individual lexical item in a sentence context.


Semantic facilitation and lexical access during sentence processing
An experiment was conducted testing predictions derived from context-dependent and context-independent models of lexical access. Four types of unambiguous test sentences were constructed. The direct
Rapid processing of the meaning of sentences
Several analyses suggested that the sentence contexts were becoming ineffective at the very highest presentation rates, but the high rates at which the sentence Contexts still affected word recognition were taken as evidence that semantic information accrues at an early stage of sentence processing.
Mechanisms of sentence context effects in reading: Automatic activation and conscious attention
Experiments I and 2 demonstrated that inhibition increased as the interval between contextual processing and target-word onset was lengthened and the relevance of these results to developmental investigations of the interaction of word recognition and contextual processing is discussed.
Semantic priming and retrieval from lexical memory: Roles of inhibitionless spreading activation and limited-capacity attention.
Prior to each visually presented target letter string in a speeded word-nonword classification task, either BIRD, BODY, BUILDING, or xxx appeared as a priming event. When the target was a word, it
A spreading-activation theory of semantic processing
The present paper shows how the extended theory can account for results of several production experiments by Loftus, Juola and Atkinson's multiple-category experiment, Conrad's sentence-verification experiments, and several categorization experiments on the effect of semantic relatedness and typicality by Holyoak and Glass, Rips, Shoben, and Smith, and Rosch.
Decision processes during sentence comprehension: Effects of surf ace structure on decision times
This framework received support in two studies in which Ss’ reaction times to the presence of a phoneme in a sentence were measured, and the presence in surface structure of a putative cue for underlying structure did not affect RT, though comprehension was significantly inferior.
Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations.
The results of both experiments support a retrieval model involving a dependence between separate successive decisions about whether each of the two strings is a word.