A demographic study of deer browsing impacts on Trillium grandiflorum

@article{Rooney2004ADS,
  title={A demographic study of deer browsing impacts on Trillium grandiflorum},
  author={Thomas P. Rooney and Kevin Gross},
  journal={Plant Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={168},
  pages={267-277}
}
When white-tailed deer populations reach high densities, they have negative and often dramatic effects on forest herb populations. However, it is not clear how deer affect the demographic processes of plant populations. We examined how the structure and dynamics of Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb. populations are affected by deer browsing in the Upper Great Lakes region by sampling populations from nine study sites in a forested landscape in 1998 and 1999. We constructed a stage-based… 
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