Corpus ID: 62896185

A definition of cascading disasters and cascading effects: Going beyond the “toppling dominos” metaphor

  title={A definition of cascading disasters and cascading effects: Going beyond the “toppling dominos” metaphor},
  author={Gianluca Pescaroli and David E. Alexander},
: The consequences of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake persuaded the global community to consider more realistically the problem of "cascading disasters". Since then, the concept has been widely used among scholars and practitioners but its definition remains vague. In order to explain a chain-sequence of interconnected failures, the word 'cascading' is often associated with the metaphor of toppling dominoes, which may have a bearing on the cause-and-effect relationship that is a feature of most… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Critical infrastructure, panarchies and the vulnerability paths of cascading disasters
Cascading effects and cascading disasters are emerging fields of scientific research. The widespread diffusion of functional networks increases the complexity of interdependent systems and theirExpand
A magnitude scale for cascading disasters
A magnitude scale for cascading incidents, crises and disasters is presented in relation to evolving trends in research on cascading disasters, especially in terms of the cross-sector implications of critical infrastructure failure. Expand
Addressing cascading effects of earthquakes in urban areas from network perspective to improve disaster mitigation
This research presents an innovative approach to address cascading effects in urban areas of earthquakes by developing the triggered worst case scenario, as well as understanding secondary events with interrelationships using network analysis method for providing insights to design disaster mitigation strategies from system thinking perspectives. Expand
The CHASMS conceptual model of cascading disasters and social vulnerability: The COVID-19 case example
Complex environmental, economic, and social conditions in the places we live provide strong cues to our longevity, livelihood, and well-being. Although often distinct and evolvingExpand
Understanding and mitigating cascading crises in the global interconnected system
Abstract Cascading crises and disasters in the global interconnected system are emerging topics in today's disaster risk reduction research. The primary objective is improving the capability of ourExpand
Understanding Compound, Interconnected, Interacting, and Cascading Risks: A Holistic Framework.
  • G. Pescaroli, D. Alexander
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
  • 2018
How compound, interconnected, interacting, and cascading risks could be used, with little or no redundancy, as inputs to new analyses and decisional tools designed to support the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is suggested. Expand
Connecting theories of cascading disasters and disaster diplomacy
Abstract Disaster diplomacy examines how and why disaster-related activities (disaster risk reduction and post-disaster actions) do and do not influence peace and conflict processes, especiallyExpand
What are cascading disasters?
Cascades have emerged as a new paradigm in disaster studies. The high level of dependency of modern populations on critical infrastructure and networks allows the impact of disasters to propagateExpand
Perceptions of cascading risk and interconnected failures in emergency planning: Implications for operational resilience and policy making
Abstract Cascading events and the disruption of interconnected critical infrastructure (CI) are a well-known challenge for emergency planning and management. Although new modelling and forecastingExpand
Co-Constructing a Narrative of ‘Never Give Up’ in Preparing for a Mega-Tsunami: An Exemplar of ‘All-Of-Society Engagement’?
This paper discusses the ‘all-of-society engagement’ concept promoted in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 2015–2030, drawing on the case of Kuroshio Town, Kochi Prefecture inExpand


Cascading Disaster Models in Postburn Flash Flood
A useful method of modeling threats from hazards and documenting their disaster causation sequences is called “cascading threat modeling.” This type of modeling enables emergency planners to addressExpand
Modelling of cascading effects and efficient response to disaster spreading in complex networks
A model for the dynamics of failure spreading in directed networks that combines network nodes as active, bistable elements and delayed interactions along directed links is presented and may be used to improve disaster preparedness and anticipative disaster response management. Expand
Measuring disaster resilience: The impact of hurricane sandy on critical infrastructure systems
The findings highlight the need for a framework that combines qualitative and quantitative information from heterogeneous sources to improve disaster resilience. Expand
Volcanic ash in the atmosphere and risks for civil aviation: A study in European crisis management
  • D. Alexander
  • Engineering
  • International Journal of Disaster Risk Science
  • 2013
This paper uses the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull in April and May 2010 as a case study of disruption to civil aviation by airborne ash, with emphasis on risk management aspects.Expand
Disasters as Extreme Events and the Importance of Network Interactions for Disaster Response Management
Summary We discuss why disasters occur more frequently and are more serious than expected according to a normal distribution. Moreover, we investigate the interaction networks responsible for theExpand
Controlling Cascading Failure: Understanding the Vulnerabilities of Interconnected Infrastructures
tute an economic engine of enormous power. Modern economies rely on the ability to move goods, people, and information safely and reliably. Consequently, it is of the utmost importance to government,Expand
Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Abstract. At the end of October 2012, Hurricane Sandy moved from the Caribbean Sea into the Atlantic Ocean and entered the United States not far from New York. Along its track, Sandy caused more thanExpand
An impact-based approach for the analysis of cascading effects in critical infrastructures
This methodology allows to account for domino effects in the identification of critical infrastructures, based on the impact on citizens of the outage of the various infrastructure, and supports an effective implementation of EU Directive 114/08/CE on the identification and protection of critical infrastructure. Expand
Solidarity or Sovereignty? EU Cooperation in Civil Protection
Abstract Civil protection is one of the more established European competences within the emerging protection policy space. It is also emblematic of an enduring tension within European politics.Expand
Globally networked risks and how to respond
A ‘Global Systems Science’ might create the required knowledge and paradigm shift in thinking to make man-made systems manageable. Expand