A defined subset of adenylyl cyclases is regulated by bicarbonate ion.

The molecular basis by which organisms detect and respond to fluctuations in inorganic carbon is not known. The cyaB1 gene of the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC7120 codes for a multidomain protein with a C-terminal class III adenylyl cyclase catalyst that was specifically stimulated by bicarbonate ion (EC50 9.6 mm). Bicarbonate lowered substrate affinity… CONTINUE READING